Primarily, most drugs try to affect processes in a particular part of the body which is abnormally functioning. In most cases, the targeted process often exists in other parts of the body as well and, therefore, the drug will affect all areas, even non-target areas too and thus the medicines have side effects.
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In addition, all drugs are chemical compounds and too many of them can damage our cells, resulting in widespread side effects of tissue damage in some areas. For example, NSAIDs such as aspirin are used to prevent blood clots as they inhibit a certain group of enzymes in platelets. However, these enzymes are also present in the gastric mucosa and serve to protect the mucosa.
Unfortunately, aspirin is indistinguishable, as it prevents the gastric mucosa, by default it prevents blood clots, resulting in ulcers. Moreover, we can say that most medicines have side effects which are caused by a similar mechanism, simply because of the non-selective nature of all drugs. There are drugs that are concentrating more and more, but they still affect the unwanted parts of the body.
Always keep in mind, not everyone who takes a drug or medicine will experience its side effects. Many medicines come with information in the package regarding context depicting medicines have side effects. That information will give you a rough idea regarding what are the chances of getting a side effect.
How You Define that Medicines Have Side Effects?
According to the U.S. National Cancer Institute (NCI) defines the side effects of medicines as an adverse effect like “an unexpected medical problem that occurs during any treatment with any therapy or a drug.”
These unwanted effects can also result from a physician’s advice and from medications or from treatments like alternative and complementary therapies. They can lead to any type of complications.
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What are the Types of Side Effects of Medicines?
Some common examples of mild adverse effects related to drugs include:
- Dry mouth
Some of the serious effects of medicines include:
- Suicidal thoughts
- Abnormal heart rhythms
What are the Some of Side Effects of Medicines in Children?
Parents may be more careful as a result of some reports about possible drug side effects including;
- Singulair (montelukast): It is associated with behavior/mood changes, suicidal thoughts, and suicidal behaviors.
- Over-the-counter cold and cough medicines and the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) alert that the risks of taking these medicine may outweigh the benefits for children under age 2.
- Tamiflu (oseltamivir): Have a variety of behavioral and neurologic symptoms such as hallucinations, abnormal, and delirium behavior.
- Antidepressants are associated with the increased risk of suicidal behavior and thoughts in children and adolescents being treated with antidepressant medications.
- Accutane (isotretinoin): Can have a possible risk of birth defects and psychiatric effects.
Not all medicines have side effects, but most of them show side-effects under certain conditions.
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