Cardiothoracic Surgery In India: Treatment For International Patients

Shikhar Atri

, Treatments

When we talk about cardiothoracic surgery, we talk about all things in the thoracic region of the body. This involves conditions of the heart, lungs, and other organs and structures. India is one of the leading destinations for medical tourism. That is why patients from around the world pursue cardiothoracic treatments in India.


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Cardiothoracic surgeries are not available everywhere and to everyone, but this is where treatment in India is an advantage. You see, as many international patients know, treatment in India is significantly more affordable than international costs. However, the quality of care and treatment is at par with international standards. It is our goal to make cardiothoracic treatments in India more accessible to every international patient of ours.


At GoMedii, we are not just medical tourism partners but also medical treatment partners for our international patients. Our bond with our patients is our forte and of prime importance to us. Read on to know more about cardiothoracic surgery, and how you can pursue it for affordable treatment in India.


Interested overseas patients can get a consultation for Cardiothoracic Surgery In India through GoMedii for just $20 USD. Email us at, regarding our services. Patients may even contact us on WhatsApp (+91 9654030724).


What Is Cardiothoracic Surgery In India?


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Cardiothoracic surgery refers to treatments of the organs that reside in the thoracic region. These include the heart, lungs, esophagus, trachea, and chest wall among other structures. Cardiothoracic surgeons tend to work closely with gastroenterology, oncology, pulmonology, radiation oncology, and other specialties.


The thoracic in cardiothoracic comes from the name of the chest cavity, the thorax. This essentially includes the heart, lungs, and esophagus. Cardiothoracic surgery can treat conditions such as coronary heart disease, lung cancer, hiatal hernia, etc.


A few more examples of treatments involved in cardiothoracic surgery In India include:




Angioplasty aims to restore healthy blood flow to the heart. Arteries that get narrowed due to fatty plaque are opened up.


Stent Placement


Stents are small metal coils that can hold arteries open. To place the stent, an angioplasty will be performed first.




This is a procedure that treats arrhythmias and abnormal heart rates.


What to Expect With Cardiothoracic Surgery In India


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Cardiothoracic surgery can help with de-clogging coronary arteries, repair weak heart muscles, or correct heart arrhythmias. Depending on the condition of the patient being treated, the appropriate procedure will be decided for the patient.


Irrespective of the surgical procedure involved, a few steps are common to most cardiothoracic surgeries in India. These include:


General Anesthesia


It will be important to keep the patient asleep during surgery. This will be taken care of by the anesthesiologist.


Keeping the Patient Breathing


If the patient is unable to breathe on their own during surgery, surgeons will use an endotracheal tube with a ventilator to help the patient breathe.


Open Heart Surgery


For most heart surgeries, especially big traditional ones, a large incision will be made down the middle of the chest. The breast bone will be separated from the center. After surgery, this breastbone is then rejoined. This may not be the case however for laparoscopic surgeries.


Circulation of Blood


The heart may be stopped during surgery and restarted afterward.  A heart-lung bypass machine (a pump) takes over the work of the heart and lungs during the surgery. Some surgeries today can be performed on a beating heart. In such a case, the heart-lung machine is not used.


The patient’s vitals will be closely monitored during and after surgery. It is likely the patient will stay in the hospital for days, maybe even weeks.


Risks and Side Effects of Cardiothoracic Surgery


Most surgeries and treatments involve risks. Generally the more invasive the surgery, the higher the risks are. With surgery from India, expect some of the best, most experienced surgeons in India. In India today, talented surgeons conduct surgeries perfectly with minimum or no risks. However, expect the possibility of the below risks, however rare.


  • Reaction to anesthesia
  • Blood clots in the brain
  • Stroke, seizure, or brain damage
  • Heart attack
  • Nerve injury
  • Plaque build-up


Interested overseas patients can get a consultation in India. Contact us for consultations for Cardiothoracic Surgery in India through GoMedii for just $20 USD. Drop a query to us on our website or contact us on WhatsApp (+91 9654030724). Patients may even email us at, regarding our services.


What is Thoracic Surgery for Lung Cancer?


Thoracic surgery also refers to surgery of the lungs. This can involve repairing lungs affected by lung cancer. For lung cancer, thoracic surgery involves the removal of the tumors and lymph nodes. Surgeons then test these for a cancer diagnosis and treat the condition.


Surgery is laparoscopic (minimally invasive) or traditional open surgery. If the surgeon needs the lungs to be visible, open surgery may be preferred. With thoracic surgery, the surgeon can even remove a lung or its portion, or conduct a biopsy.


What is Minimally Invasive Heart Valve Surgery?


A type of thoracic surgery, minimally invasive heart valve replacement deals with replacing a poorly working valve. Surgeons use an artificial replacement valve, made from materials such as metal or plastic, or even organic tissue. The heart has 4 valves within it that help the blood flow through and out of the heart.


Surgeons use a smaller incision to operate inside the body. They use specialized instruments,  and may even use a camera to see inside the patient. This type of surgery helps with faster and quicker recovery times compared to traditional surgery.


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What Is The Longest Cardiothoracic Surgery?


A typical cardiothoracic surgery can take anywhere between 3 to 8 hours. Surgeries involving a coronary bypass take longer. Repeat surgeries can take even more time. Consider this, surgeries can include a lengthy process. Such as a coronary bypass requiring:


  • Preparatory time.
  • Time to prepare arteries and veins for coronary bypass grafting.
  • Time to activating the bypass machine.
  • Stopping the heart and performing surgery.
  • Restarting the heart.
  • Coming off the bypass machine.
  • Closing the sternum.


This entire process by itself can take a significant amount of time. Then take into account complications, or challenges or conducting further processes and combined surgeries.


Surgeons perform heart transplants in 4–5 hours. Redo or re-operations take longer due to adhesions and other considerations. Surgeries involving multiple procedures take longer, so a valve replacement along with coronary artery bypasses takes longer. It depends on surgery to surgery, as well as other factors. But expect a figure of 3-8 hours with any cardiothoracic surgery.


What Heart Diseases Are Treated With Surgery?


Not all heart issues always require a surgical procedure. Certain lifestyle changes, medication, or other nonsurgical procedures can be used. This includes catheter ablation, a procedure that uses energy to make scars on the heart tissue. This helps prevent abnormal electric signals in the heart.


However, heart surgery is often the best solution. This includes conditions such as heart failure, plaque buildup in the arteries, or faulty heart valves.


Why Pursue Cardiothoracic Surgery In India With GoMedii?


It is true, that pursuing treatment in India through GoMedii is affordable. But that’s not the only reason that GoMedii is the go-to treatment partner in India for so many international patients.


At GoMedii, we do something others rarely do. GoMedii takes care of appointments, treatment, accommodations, and visa services, everything patients need. This helps us make the treatment experience in India truly therapeutic and holistic for our international patients.


Patients end up forming lasting relationships with us because GoMedii makes their stay in India effortless! Much like a family does.


How Do I Contact GoMedii for Cardiothoracic Surgery In India?


Interested in getting treated for cardiothoracic surgery in India? Look no further. There are several ways international patients can get in touch with us to pursue treatment in India. That’s not all, consult the best doctors regarding your condition over call for just $20 USD. This, even before your journey. To connect with us, send us a query through our website. Contact us on Whatsapp (+91 9654030724) or email on


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About GoMedii: GoMedii is a Healthcare Technology Platform That Works Out Your Treatment / Surgery the Way You Need & Plan. A Treatment partner that simplifies the patient journey at every step. Drop Your Queries for the most affordable & world-class treatment options.You may simply download the GoMedii app for Android or iOS.