Osteoporosis Treatment, Diagnosis Criteria, Cause

Sonali Kapoor

, Treatments


Osteoporosis is a condition that weakens the bones, making them fragile and more likely to break. It usually develops slowly over several years and is often only diagnosed when a minor fall or sudden impact causes a bone fracture. Osteoporosis treatment helps to manage the condition.


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What are the Causes of Osteoporosis?




Losing bone is a normal part of the aging process, but in some people lose bone density is much faster than normal. This can lead to osteoporosis and an increased risk of fractures.




Women also lose bone quickly in the first few years after menopause (when monthly periods stop and the ovaries stop producing an egg). Females are more common at risk of osteoporosis than men, particularly if the menopause begins early (before the age of 45).




Some factors can also increase the risk of developing osteoporosis, including:



1. long-term use of high-dose oral corticosteroids.



2. Other medical conditions like- inflammatory conditions, hormone-related conditions, or malabsorption problems.



3. A family history of osteoporosis particularly a history of a hip fracture in a parent.



4. Long-term use of certain medications which can affect bone strength or hormone levels



5. Having a low body mass index (BMI)



6. Heavy drinking and smoking




How Can you Increase your Bone Density After the Age of 50-60?




There are some foods which help to increase your bone density after the age of 50-60 :



1. Eat Lots of Vegetables



2. Consume Enough Protein



3. Get Plenty of Vitamin D and Vitamin K



4. Maintain a Stable, Healthy Weight



5. Eat High-Calcium Foods Throughout the Day




What is the Best Exercise for Osteoporosis?



There are a few exercises that are best for osteoporosis:



1. Brisk walking



2. Climbing stairs



3. Dancing



4. Hiking



5. Jogging



6. Jumping rope



7. Step aerobics



8. Tennis or other racquet sports


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Diagnosing Osteoporosis




1. Risk assessment Tools



These tools would help to predict a person’s risk of fracture between the ages of 40 and 90. The algorithms used give a 10-year probability of hip fracture and a 10-year probability of a major fracture in the spine, hip, shoulder or forearm.




2. DEXA Scan



They may also recommend you for a DEXA (DXA) scan to measure your bone mineral density. It’s a short, painless procedure that takes about 4-5 minutes, depending on the part of the body being scanned.



The bone mineral density can be compared to the bone mineral density of a healthy young adult and someone who’s the same age and sex as you. The difference is measured as a standard deviation (SD) and is called a T score.



What is Osteoporosis Treatment?



Osteoporosis treatment is based on treating and preventing fractures and using medication to strengthen bones. The decision about whether you need treatment depends on the risk of fracture. It based on a number of factors such as your age, sex and the results of your DEXA scan.






Here, we have discussed osteoporosis treatment, diagnosis criteria, and it causes. It a bone-related problem which makes you feel like it is broken. Osteoporosis treatment is based on making the bones strengthen. If you are dealing with any bone-related problem then consult your doctor early as you can.


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