Allergic Asthma : Facts which can Make it Worse

Divya Tripathi

, Health A2Z

Nowadays, Allergic asthma is one of the most common diseases not only in adults even in children. It is caused by breathing in an allergen or substance that can cause an allergic reaction. There are approximately 60% (6 out of 10) of people with asthma have allergic asthma. For school going children, this number is around 70%.


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Allergic AsthmaDescription
DefinitionAllergic asthma is the most common form of asthma. Many of the symptoms of allergic and non-allergic asthma are the same. However, allergic asthma is triggered by inhaling allergens.
CausesFine particle windblown from trees and grasses, Mold spores and fragments, Animal dander and saliva, Dust mite feces, Cockroach feces
Complications Hives, Mouth or facial swelling, Difficulty swallowing, Anxiety, Confusion, Cough, Diarrhea, Fainting
SymptomsCough, Wheeze, Be short of breath, Breathe quickly, Chest tightness
Treatments Short-Acting Inhalers, Long-Acting inhalers, Inhaled Corticosteroids, Leukotriene Modifiers


What Is an Allergy?


Your immune system is responsible to protect you from different bacteria and viruses. If you are allergic, then your immune system needs to work too hard. Your allergy may attack harmless substances — like cat dander or pollen — in your nose, lungs, eyes, and under your skin.


When the body meets an allergen, it makes chemicals that are known as IgE antibodies and they cause swelling and inflammation. This creates symptoms like itchy eyes, runny nose, and sneezing as your body tries to remove the allergen.


What Is Allergic Asthma?


If you have it, then your airways are extra sensitive to certain allergens or substance. Once the allergens get into your body, your immune system overreacts. The muscles near your airways tighten. The airways become inflamed and gradually they are flooded with thick mucus.


What are the Common Symptoms of Asthma?


Whether you have non-allergic asthma or allergic asthma, generally, the symptoms are the same. You’re likely to:


  • Cough


  • Wheeze


  • Be short of breath


  • Breathe quickly


  • Chest tightness



What are the Common Causes of Allergic Asthma?


The common causes of this disease include:


  • Fine particle windblown from trees and grasses


  • Mold spores and fragments


  • Animal dander and saliva


  • Dust mite feces


  • Cockroach feces


Remember that allergens aren’t the only thing that can make your allergic asthma worse. Some other irritants can also trigger an asthma attack, even though they don’t cause an allergic reaction. These include:


  • Tobacco smoke, incense, a fireplace, candles, or fireworks



  • Cold air


  • Exercise in cold air


  • Strong chemical odors


  • Perfumes, or other scented products like room freshener


  • Dusty rooms


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Avoid Your Allergic Asthma Triggers:


When pollen or small particles are increased, stay inside the house as much as you can. Keep all the windows closed. Try to use an air conditioner to filter air.


To keep dust out, wrap your pillows, mattress, in dust-proof covers. Wash your sheets at least once a week with hot water.


Tips to Control Allergens


To control your allergic asthma, you have to avoid breathing the allergens. Here are some tips to get relief:


Stay inside when pollen (small particles) are increased in the air. If it’s hot, try to use an air conditioner with a clean air filter.


Try to avoid dust crumb.


  • Try to control indoor humidity as it can increase the chances to catch asthma. Use an inexpensive meter to check humidity.


  • Check whether you are allergic to pets. If you have such allergy, get tested to see whether they are causing you any problems or not.


  • Keep your bathroom and kitchen clean and dry to prevent insects and cockroaches.


  • Choose air filters wisely.


  • Be careful doing outdoor work


Who’s at risk of allergic asthma?


If you have a family history of allergies then you are at major risk of it. If you have hay fever or other allergies, then also it increases your risk of getting asthma.




Do only allergies cause asthma?


Well, allergic asthma is the most common type of asthma, but there are many other types of asthma as well. For some people, asthma can be triggered by excessive exercise, some kind of infections, cold air, gastroesophageal reflux disease or stress.




What are the complications of allergic asthma?


It can have various serious complications. One of the complications is anaphylaxis and some are mentioned below:


  • Hives


  • Mouth or facial swelling


  • Difficulty swallowing



  • Confusion


  • Cough


  • Diarrhea


  • Fainting


  • Nasal congestion


  • Slurred speech




Diagnosis of Allergic Asthma:



Allergic asthma entirely varies from other types of asthma because it triggers an immune system reaction. Other types of asthma are a reaction to some other irritants that cause the airways to get smaller or open and close more easily. Exposure to smoke, physical activity, or having a respiratory infection can lead to asthma in the worst position.




Medical Treatments of Allergic Asthma:


We all know that there is no cure for asthma. Still, there are some medical treatments that can prevent allergic response as well as treat asthma the symptoms of asthma.


Examples of this asthma treatment include:


  • Short-Acting Inhalers: This procedure quickly opens up the airways, helping a person breathe more easily.


  • Long-Acting inhalers: People use this procedure to make the airways open for a longer period as compare to short-acting inhalers.


  • Inhaled Corticosteroids: This medication helps to prevent asthma symptoms and reduce airway inflammation.


  • Leukotriene Modifiers: These drugs can reduce the amount of airway swelling in some of those with asthma. They can also relax the airways, ideally making it easier to breathe.







Here, we have discussed allergic asthma and the ways which can trigger it. The one who is dealing with it should avoid those allergens. If you feel any problem while breathing then you use the instant method which can make you relief and in case of complication consult a doctor as soon as possible.


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