Crohn’s disease: Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, and Treatment

Vaibhav Saxena

, Health A2Z

Crohn’s Disease is a chronic ailment which has been increasing rapidly from past many years. The core reason behind this escalation is quite unknown, yet it is believed that due to the lack of awareness and health carelessness this disease has become successful it escalating its targets.


According to the facts, this disease targets more than 10 million people every year worldwide whereas the doctors have mentioned the boosting numbers of patients visiting to consult regarding this particular chronic disease. Learn about every aspect of this disease below.


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What is Crohn’s Disease?

The Crohn’s disease, also known as ileitis or enteritis, falls perfectly in the category of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) which is the aggregation of inflammatory conditions.


Crohn’s ranks on the top in this group of inflammatory diseases as it affects multiple parts of the body at the same time which involves the small intestine and large intestine, the mouth, esophagus, stomach and the anus as well.


The ileitis is considered chronic as it causes inflammation of the digestive tracts which makes it extremely painful and intolerable. After the initial stage of inflammation, the risks increases as the inflammation begins to spread to the deeper layers of the bowel tissues.


Although, this ailment is not contagious yet but can easily be triggered due to consumption of some specific products.



What are the Symptoms of Crohn’s Disease?

The symptoms of ileitis differ from one person to another as the chronicity depends on the part of the body where the inflammation has been caused. Majorly, the inflammation is halted at the small intestine only but often times the colon of the large intestine is affected due to the barged impact of Crohn’s disease. The possible symptoms are underlying.

  • Pain
  • Mouth ulcers
  • Diarrhea
  • Anal fissures
  • Altered appetite
  • Weight loss
  • Anemia
  • Rectal bleeding
  • Fatigue

Also, there are few complications and risks that are induced due to the complexity of this disease. These complications do not affect everyone necessarily but many patients have reported.

  • Arthritis
  • Skin rash and inflammation
  • Uveitis (eye inflammation)
  • Delayed growth or sexual development, in children
  • Liver or bile duct inflammation
  • Rupture of the intestine




What are the Causes of Crohn’s Disease?

As we discussed earlier, the core reason or cause behind this disease is entirely unknown. Although, it is believed that boys fall under the threat of this ailment more than girls and adults between the age bar of 15 years to 40 years develop this condition. There are a few following complications and risk factors which lead to the Crohn’s disease.

1. Immunity system: It is believed that due to an abnormal reaction of the immunity system against some specific microbes like virus or bacterium this inflammation is caused.


2. Heredity: The genes you carry from your parents play an essential role in your healthy life. It is believed that the person who has encountered enteritis in life can transmit this disease to their offspring.


3. Surroundings: People living in industrial areas or in urban areas where the diet is rich in fats and harmful substances, and the environment is polluted as well, the risk of this disease increases.


4. Smoking: Cigarette smoking has very few temporary advantages but has pro-long disadvantages that can cause life-threatening problems and Crohn’s disease is one of them.


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What is the Diagnosis of Crohn’s Disease?

The doctor will run certain tests and physical exams after discussing all the possible signs and symptoms encountered by the sufferer. These tests are essential to finding a lead for an effective treatment.

1. Blood test: In order to inspect traces for infection or anemia.


2. Fecal test: This test is conducted to conclude any traces of blood in the stool.


3. Capsule endoscopy or Double-balloon endoscopy: These are the two procedures are required to get a better view and understanding of the small bowel.


4. Flexible sigmoidoscopy: It is a procedure that helps your doctor view the last section of colon colonoscopy which helps doctors to extract a better vision at the entire length of the colon.


5. Computerized tomography (CT) or Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI): These are the kinds of imaging tests which help in getting the detailed pictures of the abdominal area and the intestinal tract.




What are the Treatments for Crohn’s Disease?

The treatment measure of this ailment is entirely dependent on the part of the body where the risks have been emerging and severity of this disease. There are many treatment options that a person can pick from according to her/his compatibility.


1. Medication:

The doctor primarily aims to eliminate the symptoms and risks of this disease by prescribing a few effective anti-inflammation drugs, antibiotics or other medications like anti-diarrhea or pain-relievers. Also, the doctor might prescribe immunity suppressors which help in reducing the inflammatory action of the immunity system.


2. Nutrition therapy:

Diet plays a crucial role in decreasing or increasing the risks of Crohn’s disease. The doctor can also pick this method of injecting nutritions through invasion in order to balance your nutrition value in the body.


3. Surgery:

In case of the failure of all aforementioned solutions and treatments, surgery emerges as the only way to treat this disease. During the surgery, the surgeon strives to remove the damaged portion of your digestive tract and then reconnects the healthy sections.




The person suffering from Crohn’s disease is recommended to avoid some foods like bulky grains, dairy products, and spicy foods. Diet plays an important role in curing or ruining the condition of inflammatory bowel diseases and the aforementioned foods have the potential to increase inflammation. Also, do not ignore any sign or symptoms of this disease, consult the doctor immediately in case of finding any of them.


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