Top 6 Common Disease that Breaks Down the Immune System

Tanuja Bisht

, Health A2Z

The immune system is a highly and complex developed system in the human body. The immune system has a simple mission: to seek and kill disease or other potentially damaging foreign bodies. If a person is born with a defective immune system, death from infection by a bacterium, virus, parasite or fungus will occur. There is some common disease that breaks down the immune system.


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The immune system disorders can cause abnormally overactivity or low activity of the immune system inside the body. In cases of the immune system overactivity, the body attacks and damages its own tissues also known as autoimmune diseases. Whereas, the immune deficiency diseases tend to decrease the body’s ability to fight against invaders, causing infections vulnerability.




Common Disease that Breaks Down the Immune System



1. Asthma


Asthma is an inflammatory disease associated with the airways to the lungs. In this disease, a person finds difficulty in breathing and also make some difficulty or impossible in physical activities.


According to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), approximately 25-27 million people have asthma. It’s the most common chronic condition among children.


Asthma generally inflames and narrows the airways in the lungs. Its symptoms include shortness of breath, coughing, and chest tightness.



2. Autoimmune Polyglandular Syndrome


The autoimmune polyendocrine syndrome is also known as autoimmune polyglandular syndromes come under rare diseases which are characterized by autoimmune activity.



3. Crohn’s Disease


Crohn’s disease is an inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) which causes inflammation to the digestive tract and can lead to abdominal pain, fatigue, severe diarrhea, malnutrition, and weight loss. This inflammation also caused by Crohn’s disease which can include different areas of the digestive tract in different people.


The inflammation caused by Crohn’s disease often reaches into the layers of affected bowel tissue. The disease can be both debilitating and painful and sometimes may lead to life-threatening complications.



4. Dermatomyositis


Dermatomyositis is a rare inflammatory disease. Common symptoms of the disease are muscle weakness, skin rash, and inflammatory myopathy. The disease can affect both children and adults. There’s no cure for this condition, but symptoms can be treated.


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5. Type 1 Diabetes


Type 1 diabetes happens when the immune system destroys cells in the pancreas known as beta cells. These beta cells are responsible for making insulin.


Some people see a condition called secondary diabetes. The secondary diabetes is similar to type 1 diabetes, except the immune system does not destroy the beta cells. They can only cause a disease or an injury to the pancreas.


Due to damage to beta cells from type 1 diabetes, glucose does not move into the cells.



6. Giant Cell Arteritis (temporal arteritis)


Giant cell arteritis is also an inflammatory disease associated with the lining of the arteries. Most often, the disease affects the arteries in the head. For this reason, giant cell arteritis is also known as temporal arteritis.


Giant cell arteritis frequently causes headaches, jaw pain, vision problems, and scalp tenderness. If the disease left untreated, it can lead to blindness.


The doctor may offer treatment with corticosteroid medications, usually, relieves symptoms of giant cell arteritis and prevent loss of vision.






All the above-written diseases are the most common diseases that break down the immune system. These diseases are easily curable or the symptoms of the diseases are manageable.


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