If you are diabetic, then you have to take care of so many things. Your raised level of sugar can lead to other conditions, such as eye problems. Among all kinds of problems, the most common one is diabetic macular edema. It’s serious as it impacts your vision. It is a scary possibility, but knowing the precaution and getting the proper treatment can help protect your sight.
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It’s important you get your eyes checked every year when you have diabetes even you don’t notice any problem. If you notice any kind of problem, see an eye specialist right away. If it diagnosed early, you can stop long-term damage.
What is diabetic macular edema?
Diabetic Macular Edema (DME) is a disease of the eyes that occur due to the accumulation of fluid in the macula part of the retina. It controls our vision abilities. In order to develop DME, you must first have diabetic retinopathy. Diabetic retinopathy is a disease that damages the blood vessels in the retina, resulting in vision impairment.
What are the causes of diabetic macular edema?
The high blood sugar level in your blood can weaken the blood vessels in your eyes. Due to the high sugar level, the weaken blood vessels leak or grow out of control in your retina. The light-sensitive area at the back of your eye that is known as diabetic retinopathy.
When fluid flows into your retina, it can cause this disease. This leakage makes your retina swell, which affects the work of your macula, it is a special as well as the sensitive part that gives you sharp vision.
What are the symptoms of diabetic macular edema?
The symptoms of the disease are not clearly visible every time but some symptoms may look like:
- Images in front of you appear wavy or blurry.
- See colors that washed out.
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How to diagnose?
Before the diagnosis, your doctor may ask some questions to you such as:
- Have you ever noticed some changes in your vision? If yes, what kind?
- Are you diabetic? If so, since when?
- Do you have a family history of diabetes?
- How have your A1c or blood sugar levels been lately?
- Do you have high cholesterol or high blood pressure?
- Do you have any other medical conditions?
Your doctor may ask you for the thorough eye exam, which usually includes:
- A visual acuity test. This test will tell you how well you see at different distances.
- A dilated eye exam. The doctor can use drops to widen your pupils and look at the inside of your eyes. He’ll focus on signs of disease, which include damaged or leaking blood vessels, swelling, and fatty deposits inside your retina.
In this blog, we have discussed diabetic macular edema which is a complication of diabetes. If you are a diabetic or you have a family history of diabetes then you should consult a doctor and go for an eye checkup every year. It can help you to prevent your vision.
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