A lot many times have we mentioned that pregnancy as beautiful as it is, also is a critical time in a woman’s life. You tend to suffer a lot and you can also get a few chronic conditions. We are here to discuss, about how thyroid affects pregnancy. Yes, it might sound weird but it can be true. You can suffer from various complications if you have thyroid and you are pregnant.
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Reasons why thyroid affects pregnancy
During the first few months of pregnancy, the fetus relies on the mother for thyroid hormones. Thyroid hormones play an essential part in normal brain development. Deprivation of the maternal thyroid hormone due to hypothyroidism can have irreversible effects on the fetus. Hence, any problem that might happen will ultimately affect your baby as well.
There is a lot of complication along with thyroid. These can affect your pregnancy in various ways. Let us see what are these complications.
The thyroid affects pregnancy in many ways:
1) Development of your child
As we have mentioned the link already, the hormones are used by the fetus in their growth. If the hormones have any imbalance, it will lead to your child suffering from various other conditions after birth. In most cases, your kid can also have thyroid imbalance in the future.
When your thyroid is not working well during pregnancy, your TSH level will go up. It goes into the underactive thyroid conditions, indicating a hypothyroid (underactive) state. If you do not treat it or insufficiently treated, your hypothyroidism can cause miscarriage, stillbirth, preterm labor, and developmental and motor problems in your child.
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3) Graves’ Disease
Whether you have active Graves’ disease or you had it in the past, your baby has a higher risk of developing hyperthyroidism or hypothyroidism, either in utero (fetal) or after birth (neonatal). This is one of the most common conditions in how thyroid affects pregnancy.
4) Thyroid Nodules
Though most of them are not cancerous, you have chances of getting some of them during pregnancy. In most cases, the chances are higher due to genetic reasons. If you have a family history of medullary thyroid carcinoma or multiple endocrine neoplasias (MEN) 2, your doctor may also look at your calcitonin level, though the jury is still out as far as how helpful this measurement really is. Book doctor appointment online to get treatments.
5) Thyroid Cancer
We do not wish to scare our beautiful ladies but some times the mentioned nodules might just cause cancer and can make thyroid affect pregnancy.
When cancerous thyroid nodules are discovered during the first or second trimester—particularly if related to papillary thyroid cancer, the most common type—your doctor will want to monitor cancer closely using ultrasound to see how and if it grows.
The thyroid affects pregnancy, the woman as well as the child. You should take care as a pregnant woman, a little more. Have a happy and healthy pregnancy! You can always visit our website to know more!
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