Know The Pregnancy Complications in Females By Dr. Alka Malhotra


Pregnancy, one of the amazing experience of any women’s life. It contains a kind of mixed feelings, sometimes it makes you feel happy, sad, worried and anxious. These feelings are very common for every woman. But when it comes to pregnancy complications in females, then it is a cause for the worry and tension. So, here we are explaining some pregnancy complications in females which may help you to figure out if you find something complicated.

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What Are The Pregnancy Complications in Females?


Some women experience health issues during their pregnancy. These complications can affect the mother’s health, the fetus’s health, or both. Even women who were healthy before their pregnancy can also experience these complications. These complications can make their pregnancy a high-risk pregnancy.



Getting regular prenatal care can help you to reduce the risk for problems by enabling health care providers to diagnose, treat, or manage health conditions before they become serious.



Some common complications of pregnancy include, but these complications are not only limited to, the following.



High Blood Pressure


High blood pressure is also called hypertension, occurs when arteries carrying blood from the heart to the body organs are narrowed. This causes pressure to increase in the arteries. During pregnancy, high BP can make it hard for blood to reach the placenta, which is used to provides nutrients and oxygen to the fetus. Reduced blood flow can slow down the growth of the fetus and place the mother at a higher risk of preterm labor and preeclampsia.


Women who are dealing with high blood pressure before their pregnancy will continue to have to monitor and control their blood pressure, with medications if necessary, throughout the pregnancy. High blood pressure which develops during the pregnancy is called gestational hypertension. Typically, it occurs during the second half of pregnancy and goes away after delivery on their own.


Gestational Diabetes


Gestational diabetes occurs during the pregnancy when a woman who didn’t have diabetes before the pregnancy develops the condition during pregnancy.


Usually, the body digests parts of your food into a sugar we known it as glucose. Glucose is the main source of your body’s energy. After digestion, the glucose moves into the blood to give energy to your body.


To take out glucose from your body as well as into the cells of your body, your pancreas makes a hormone called insulin. In gestational diabetes, hormonal changes from pregnancy cause the body to either not able to produce enough insulin, or not able to use it properly. Instead, the glucose starts building up in your blood, causing diabetes.


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Preeclampsia is a serious medical condition which can lead to preterm delivery and even death. The causes of preeclampsia are usually unknown, but some women are at an increased risk. These risk factors include:



  • First pregnancies


  • Preeclampsia is a previous pregnancy


  • Existing conditions such as high blood pressure, diabetes, kidney disease, and systemic lupus erythematosus


  • Being 35 years of age or older


  • Carrying two or more fetuses



Preterm Labor



Preterm labor begins before 37 weeks of pregnancy. Any infant born before 37 weeks is at an increased risk for health-related issues, in most cases because organs like the lungs and brain finish their development in the final weeks (39 to 40 weeks) before a full-term delivery.



There are certain conditions which increase the risk for preterm labor, including infections, developing a shortened cervix, or previous preterm births.


Pregnancy Loss/ Miscarriage


Miscarriage is the term which is used to describe a pregnancy loss due to some natural causes before 20 weeks. The sign of miscarriage can include vaginal spotting or bleeding, cramping, or fluid or tissue passing from the vagina. However, bleeding from the vagina does not always mean that a miscarriage will happen or is happening. Women who experience such signs during their pregnancy should contact their gynecologist.



Still Birth


The loss of pregnancy after completing 20 weeks of pregnancy is called a stillbirth. In approximately half of all reported cases, health care providers can find no cause for the loss. However, health conditions that can contribute to stillbirth include placental problems, chromosomal abnormalities, poor fetal growth, chronic health issues of the mother, as well as an infection.


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Here we have discussed pregnancy complications in females, these complications can affect you as well as your baby. You should discuss to your doctor about each and every small health-related issues to avoid such complications.

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