Miscarriage: Symptoms, Causes, Treatment, and Prevention

Tanuja Bisht

, Health A2Z

Miscarriage is defined as the pregnancy that ends on its own, within the first 20 weeks of gestation. The terms are also used to identify this possible complication or loss gives maximum women an uncomfortable feeling. So, today we will discuss this threatened complication or pregnancy loss under 20 weeks as a miscarriage.


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What is a Miscarriage?

It is also known as spontaneous abortion, which is defined as the loss of a pregnancy within the first 20 weeks of pregnancy, which is also the most common type of pregnancy loss.


The condition in which a pregnant woman that has lost her pregnancy in the first 20 weeks of pregnancy. The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists has defined that approximately 18 to 20 percent of pregnancies end in the problem.




What are the Common Miscarriage Symptoms?

There are some common symptoms of the problem including;

  • Mild to severe cramps
  • Pain in your back or abdomen
  • Loss of pregnancy symptoms like vomiting or nausea
  • White-pink mucus
  • Passing tissue or clot-like material




What are the Common Miscarriage Causes?

There are several common causes of the problem like it is due to a genetic abnormality. It also likely due to uterine abnormalities that lead to the problem.

Following are some other causes of the problem;

  • Chromosomal problems
  • Hormone imbalance
  • Uterine problems
  • Chronic illness
  • External health conditions such as uncontrolled diabetes, infections, and obesity.


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What are Other Miscarriage Risk Factors?

Some of the issues that can lead to the problem such as;

  • Drug use
  • Smoking
  • Excess alcohol drinking
  • Listeria, a bacteria that may be present in undercooked meats, unpasteurized dairy products, and raw eggs
  • Maternal trauma like a car accident
  • Certain medication
  • Advanced maternal age (over 35)




What are the Types of Miscarriage?

There are mainly seven types of the problem including;

  • Blighted ovum
  • Complete
  • Incomplete
  • Missed
  • Recurrent
  • Ectopic
  • Threatened




What are the Prevention of Miscarriage?

Not all types of the problems can be prevented, but if a woman faces miscarriage it doesn’t mean she won’t conceive again in the future.

Following are some tips for a healthy pregnancy including;

  • Avoid alcohol, smoking, and drugs while pregnant.
  • Do light regular exercise to improve fetal health.
    Maintaining a healthy weight.
  • Avoid diseases or infections, always try to wash hands thoroughly and stay away from people who are already sick.
  • Limit the amount of caffeine.
  • Take prenatal vitamins to provide enough nutrients to the developing fetus.
  • Eat a healthy, well-balanced diet including more fruits and vegetables.




What are the Treatments for Miscarriage?

The main aim of treatment regarding the problem is to prevent hemorrhaging and infection. During the pregnancy, the body will expel all the fetal tissue by itself and will not require further medical procedures. Bleeding during the pregnancy period should be monitored closely at home; if a woman notices an increase in bleeding or the onset of chills or fever, it is best to call your physician immediately.





There are several different reasons for miscarriage, and usually, its cause cannot be identified. But during the first trimester, the most common cause of the problem is a chromosomal abnormality. So always try to take care of your health before, during, and after pregnancy.


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