9 Most Common Symptoms of Borderline Personality Disorder

Divya Tripathi

, Health A2Z

A borderline personality disorder is a mental health disorder that impacts the way you think and feels about yourself and others, causing problems functioning in everyday life. It includes self-image issues, difficulty managing emotions and behavior, and a pattern of unstable relationships. So, let’s explore the symptoms of borderline personality disorder, that help you to know the condition better.


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Symptoms of borderline personality disorder


Borderline personality disorder (BPD) can e visible in many different ways, but for a better understanding, the symptoms of borderline personality disorder are categorized into nine major categories by the mental health professionals. In order to be diagnosed with the disease, one should show signs of at least five of these symptoms.


Fear of abandonment


People who are dealing with the condition are often terrified of being left alone or abandoned. Even regular things as harmless as a loved one arriving home late from work or going away for the weekend may trigger such intense fear of losing them.


Unstable relationships


The next one of the most common symptoms of borderline personality disorder is an unstable relationship.  People with the condition have relationships that are intense and short-lived. These kinds of people may fall in love quickly, starts believing very soon that each new person is the one who will make you feel whole, only to be quickly disappointed. Your relationships either seem perfect or horrible, without any middle ground.


Unclear or shifting self-image


When you have BPD, your sense of self is typically unstable. Sometimes you may feel good about yourself, but other times you hate yourself or even view yourself as evil. You probably don’t have a clear idea of who you are or what you want in life. As a result, you may frequently change jobs, friends, lovers, religion, values, goals, or even sexual identity.


Impulsive, self-destructive behaviors


If you are the one who is dealing with BPD, you may engage in sensation-seeking behaviors, harmful, especially when you’re upset. You may impulsively spend money which is not affordable for you, you started binge eating, drive shoplift, recklessly, engage in risky sex, or overdo it with drugs or alcohol.


Self-harm and suicidal behavior


Suicidal behavior and self-harm are common symptoms of borderline personality disorder. Suicidal behavior includes thoughts about suicide, making suicidal gestures or threats, or actually carrying out a suicide attempt. Self-harm encompasses all other attempts to hurt yourself without suicidal intent. Simple types of self-harm include burning and cutting.


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Extreme emotional swings


Unstable emotions and moods are common symptoms of borderline personality disorder. One moment, you may feel happy, and the next, despondent. Little things can send you into an emotional descent. These mood swings are intense, but they tend to pass fairly quickly, usually lasting just a few minutes or hours.


Chronic feelings of emptiness


Such people often feel empty, as if there’s a hole or a void inside them. Sometimes, may have to feel the extreme, you may feel as if you’re “nobody” or “nothing”. This feeling is uncomfortable, so one can try to fill the void with things like food, drugs, or sex. But nothing feels truly satisfying.


Explosive anger


If you or anyone around you have BPD, then you may struggle with intense anger and a short temper. You may also have trouble controlling yourself once the fuse is lit—yelling, throwing things, or becoming completely consumed by rage. It’s important to note that this anger isn’t always to others. You may get mostly anger at yourself.


Feeling suspicious or out of touch with reality


Feeling suspicious is also one of the common symptoms of borderline personality disorder. People often struggle with paranoia or suspicious thoughts about others’ motives. When under stress, you may even lose touch with reality—an experience known as dissociation. You may feel foggy, spaced out, or as if you’re outside your own body.




Here we have discussed the symptoms of borderline personality disorder if you any many of these symptoms in yourself or the people around you then consult to the doctor for the proper treatment.


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