Ankle synovitis is a condition which is characterized by the inflammation of the soft tissue lining the ankle joint capsule, also known as synovium and resulting ankle swelling, pain, and stiffness. The main issue is now how to treat ankle synovitis.
The lower leg is made of two long bones i.e. fibula and tibia, and are joined with each other to form the ankle joint. Ankle joint consists of strong connective tissue surrounding joint known as a joint capsule. The joint capsule is lined with specialized tissue ‘synovium,’ responsible for producing lubricating fluid into the ankle joint.
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Some other types of pains that are related to ankle synovitis are joint pain, rheumatoid arthritis, hip joint pain, and hip pain.
Cause of Ankle Synovitis:
Pain caused by synovitis is connected with other illnesses including lupus, juvenile arthritis, and psoriatic arthritis, and also the part of tuberculosis, rheumatic fever, trauma, or gout.
It may be distinguished from other joint disorders because it causes that area around the joint, and untreated synovitis digest the healthy cartilage and bone of the joint causing degeneration and chronic pain.
Diagnosis of Ankle Synovitis:
Ankle synovitis may describe as red, warm and puffy, and can be diagnosed through synovial fluid analysis by doctors. In the test, doctor extracts the lubricating fluid around the joint for patella tap test.
A bone scan, x-ray, and ultrasound can be used for spotting synovitis. Synovitis of the hip usually occurs in children and can be identified by pain in the hip.
Treatments For Ankle Synovitis:
1. Treatment depends upon the type of synovitis and symptoms including
- The disease is usually treated with anti-inflammatory drugs such as aspirin, ibuprofen, and corticosteroids.
- Use of cortisone injection or the surgical removal of inflamed tissue.
- Sub-clinical synovitis through magnetic resonance imaging and x-ray.
2. Physiotherapy for ankle synovitis:
- Soft tissue massage.
- Joint mobilization
- Use of crutches
- Use of ice to reduce swelling
- Footwear advice
- Dry needling
Exercises For Ankle Synovitis:
The following exercises are commonly prescribed to patients with this conditions, should be performed with a physiotherapist, and can be performed twice daily.
- Hopping exercise
- Active ankle mobility exercise
- Ankle plantar flexion exercise
- Foot and ankle up and down
- Foot and ankle in and out
- Foot and ankle circles
- Lunge stretch
Synovitis Ankle Surgery:
Ankle arthroscopy is the invasive surgical procedure used for the treatment of problems associated with ankle joints by using a thin fiber-optic camera that helps in transmitting images of the ankle to a video screen.
The surgery helps in reducing ankle pain and its overall function. Arthroscopy technology can be used for several problems such as ankle arthritis, ankle fractures, ankle instability, and posterior ankle impingement.
Natural Remedies For The Treatment of Synovitis:
Synovitis is generally treated with nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) or corticosteroids, but both types of medications have their own serious side-effects when used over a period of time.
Herbs such as Boswellia, Turmeric, and Ashwagandha are used to soothe joints. Herbal ayurvedic formulations with several herbs help to relieve symptoms of synovitis.
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