What Are Dengue Fever Symptoms and Signs?

Prakhar Tyagi

, Health A2Z

Dengue fever (or break-bone fever) is an infectious mosquito-borne disease caused by dengue viruses that are transmitted through mosquitoes such as Aedes aegypti (also known as yellow fever mosquitoes) and Aedes albopictus and are also capable of spreading other diseases like chikungunya, Zika fever, and Mayaro.

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It mentions that fever, rashes, headaches, and pain throughout the body can be caused by the virus. When the mosquito bites an infected person, the mosquito can become a carrier of the virus and if this mosquito bites someone else, that person can also be infected with dengue fever.

The dengue virus cannot spread directly from person to person. There are several studies related to the fever such as “2012 dengue fever outbreak in Kolkata, India” by Calcutta School of Tropical Medicine which reveals that the dengue viruses in the outbreak belong to the family Flaviviridae, and a study entitled “Evaluation of diagnostic tests: dengue” published in the periodical “Nature Reviews Microbiology” which reveals the direct diagnostic method of dengue including virus isolation, antigen detection, and genome detection.

1. Dengue Fever Symptoms and Signs

There are major symptoms of the fever including high fever, rash, and joint and muscle pain, and is mild in children and those who have the dengue disease for the first time.

* Signs and symptoms of dengue fever include.

– High fever

– Pain in eyes and in the joints, muscles, and bones

–  Severe headaches

– Rashes on the body

– Mild bleeding from gums and nose

– Bruising easily

2. Duration of Dengue Fever

Symptoms can start from 3 days to 2 or 3 weeks after being bitten by the infected mosquito and last for 7 days. If the symptoms become worse it can cause more severe bleeding, respiratory problems such as difficulty in breathing, and gastrointestinal problems like vomiting, nausea or severe abdominal pain.

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3. Diagnoses of Dengue Fever

Laboratory diagnosis methods for confirming dengue virus infection involve detection of the virus, antigens or antibodies.

4. Treatment For Dengue Fever

There is no specific treatment available for dengue fever. It can be managed with fluids for preventing dehydration and getting rest. Use of pain relievers can help in easing headaches and pain of other parts of the body.

5. Prevention of Dengue Fever

No vaccines are available that can prevent dengue fever and only can be protected by prevention of infected mosquito bites by using insect repellent, using screens on windows and doors, get rid of standing water in things in homes like containers and discarded tires.

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