Are you aware of Diabetes? Before knowing about diabetes, you should know about the role of insulin in the body. When we eat anything, our body turns that food into sugars or glucose. At that point, your pancreas is supposed to release insulin. Insulin works as a “key” to open your cells, to allow the glucose to enter and allow you to use the glucose for energy.
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But If you are Diabetic, that system does not work in the same way. That pancreas is not able to produce sufficient insulin (deficiency of insulin). This cause the high blood sugar level in the body.
What are the Types of Diabetes?
The most common types of diabetes are:
Type 1 Diabetes:
The more severe form of diabetes is type 1, or insulin-dependent diabetes. It’s sometimes called “juvenile” diabetes also because Type 1 diabetes usually develops in children and teenagers.
Type 1 diabetes is caused by a lack of insulin, People used to take the insulin through injections. So, Insulin is used in combination with a healthy eating plan, exercise, monitoring blood sugar levels and receiving the right diabetes self‐management education.
Type 2 Diabetes:
It is also called non-insulin dependent diabetes or adult-onset diabetes. It usually develops after the age of 35.
People with type 2 diabetes are able to some insulin on their own, but not sufficient. So the treatment of this type of diabetes can be the focuses on food, exercise. Still, the blood sugar level is we start some oral medication which helps to increase the amount of produced insulin.
Gestational Diabetes is a type of diabetes that occurs in some women during pregnancy. During pregnancy, the placenta produces hormones that make the body’s cells more resistant to insulin which may cause the blood sugar level to rise.
Treatment involves healthy eating, exercise, blood glucose monitoring, insulin therapy. In most cases, once the baby is delivered, the blood sugar levels will return to normal and gestational diabetes disappears. However, approximately 30% of women who have had gestational diabetes are at higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes.
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How Can You Manage Diabetes?
The lifestyle plays the important to manage diabetes. There are many things we should add to our diet and there are many need to avoid.
Here is the List of Do’s and Don’ts for Diabetes:
Do Eat: Spinach, tomatoes, cucumbers, broccoli, brussels sprouts, cauliflower, and asparagus. They’re packed with nutrients and low in carbohydrates, which your body quickly breaks down into glucose.
Avoid to Eat: Fried and breaded vegetables they add extra calories, carbs, and fat.
Do Eat: Small servings of peaches, apples, oranges, berries, and other fruits. Fruit is a low-calorie, high-fiber, nutrient-rich source of carbohydrates.
Avoid to Eat: Jellies and fruit juices with added sugar.
Do Eat: Unflavored and low-fat yogurt, milk, and cheese. Low-fat dairy gives you protein, calcium, vitamins, and minerals in every serving.
Avoid to Eat: Full-fat dairy products.
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