Bitter Truth About Diabetes: 2018 Research Shows

There is a research conducted by the Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, which reveals that India is facing higher rates of diabetes and high blood pressure (hypertension) which is nearly 1.3 million people.


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The rates of hypertension and diabetes are high among middle-and elderly-aged people across all over in India, researchers found.


The research used health data collected from approximately 1,320,500 adults across India within 2012 and 2014, that include blood pressure and plasma glucose measurements.


The results showed that hypertension and diabetes were common across all sociodemographic and geographies groups in India.


Overall, the currency of diabetes was 6.5 percent among men and 6 percent among women; for hypertension, between 15-20.0 percent among women and 20-25 percent among men.




What is Diabetes?

Diabetes is mainly known as diabetes mellitus (DM) comes from the metabolic disorders in which there have a high blood sugar levels over a lengthy period.


Diabetic (high blood sugar) symptoms mainly include frequent urination, increased hunger, and increased thirst. If the disease left untreated, it can cause many complications like acute and serious complications.


Its complication mainly includes hyperosmolar hyperglycemic state, diabetic ketoacidosis, or death.


Serious type complications mainly include cardiovascular disease, stroke, chronic kidney disease, foot ulcers, and damage to the eyes.


There are three types of diabetes including Type I diabetes, Type II diabetes, and gestational diabetes.


Treatment and prevention usually involve maintaining a healthy diet, regular exercise, maintaining body weight, and avoiding the excessive use of tobacco or should avoid the use of the same.




Signs and Symptoms of Diabetes:

Although the symptoms of diabetes can begin early, sometimes it takes a person to recognize its symptoms. This often makes it seem like symptoms and signs of diabetes develop suddenly. Hence it’s important to pay attention to the body.


If a person is experiencing frequent urination the body might be telling him that his/her kidneys are trying to expel excess sugar in the blood. The resulting dehydration can cause extreme thirst.


Lack of available fluids may also give a person itchy skin and dry mouth.


If a person is experiencing an increase in hunger or unexpected body weight loss it could be because his/her body isn’t able to get adequate energy from the food the person is eating.


High blood sugar levels can also affect the blood flow in the body and can cause nerve damage, which makes healing difficult. So having slow-healing sores/cuts is also a sign of diabetes.


Yeast infections are also common among men and women who have diabetes.




Treatment Of Diabetes:

Taking insulin or other diabetes medications is often part of diabetes care. With the choice of healthy foods and physical activity, medications can help you control the disease.


Other treatment options are also available. The medication a person takes depends on his/her type of diabetes and how the medication controls the person’s blood sugar.


Other factors, such as person’s other health problems, the cost of medications and the daily routine, may be involved in the use of diabetes medications.

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