Brain Aneurysm : Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

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A brain aneurysm occurs when a weak spot of the arterial wall in the brain bumps and loads with blood. It is of two types, intracranial aneurysm or cerebral aneurysm. A brain aneurysm is a serious condition that can cause death also. If the brain aneurysm burst, it can cause brain damage, stroke, and even death if not treated on time.

 

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What are the Causes of Brain Aneurysm?

 

According to various sources, the actual cause for a brain aneurysm is unknown. But there are many risk factors which include:

 

  • Smoking

 

  • Heavy alcohol consumption

 

  • Use of drugs such as cocaine

 

 

  • Old age

 

  • Head injury

 

Autosomal Dominant Polycystic Kidney Disease (ADPKD) is a disease that affects the kidney, and it produces water like fluid in the brain tissue. This condition raises blood pressure in the brain, and due to this, the blood vessel becomes weak in the brain and body.

 

What are the Symptoms of Brain Aneurysm?

 

Symptoms can differ according to the condition of the brain aneurysm. Symptoms of the ruptured aneurysm will be different from the unraptured aneurysm.

 

Let’s discuss some symptoms of an unraptured aneurysm.

 

  • Nausea and vomiting

 

  • Blurry vision

 

  • Loss of consciousness

 

  • Trouble walking or dizziness

 

  • Drooping eyelid

 

  • Neck stiffness

 

 

  • Trouble speaking

 

  • Change in awareness and mental state

 

  • Sensitivity to light

 

Symptoms of an unruptured aneurysm include:

 

 

  • Headache or pain behind or above the eye

 

  • Visual deficits

 

  • Seizures

 

  • Blurred or double vision

 

Visit a doctor if you find any of these symptoms suddenly and take medical help.

 

What is the Treatment of Brain Aneurysm?

 

Treatment depends upon several factors like the size of an aneurysm, severity of it, and the location of an aneurysm. Treatment also varies on the condition of a brain aneurysm, whether it is “rapture” or not.

 

If possible, the doctor always thinks to prevent the disease from medication. But in several cases, there is a need for surgery to cut off the blood flow and prevent further rapture.

 

There are other methods to prevent blood flow. First, A metal clip is used to close the aneurysm. This process is known as Surgical clipping. The other method is endovascular coiling, In this process, a catheter is placed through an artery to your aneurysm, and the blood flow is stopped, which ultimately closes off the aneurysm.

 

Things to remember for controlling Brain Aneurysm

 

  • Exercise daily but not excessive

 

  • Eat a healthy diet

 

  • managing high blood pressure or high cholesterol

 

  • Stop smoking

 

Conclusion

 

Brain Aneurysm is a disease in which after your treatment, the brain vessels become very narrow and cause a problem to reach blood into brain cells that can cause damage to cells and tissues. Control your blood pressure and stop smoking to prevent this disease. It is one of those diseases in which symptoms occur after a long time. So take precautions, stay safe, and eat healthily.

 

 

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