What is Hypertension? It’s Causes, Symptoms, and Treatments

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Hypertension is also known as high blood pressure. It can lead to other severe complications as well as increases the risk of stroke, heart disease, and death.

 

Blood pressure is the amount of force which is exerted against the walls of the arteries blood vessel as blood flows through them.

 

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The U.S. National Institutes of Health (NIH) has estimated that about two-thirds of people over the age of 60 to 65 have high blood pressure.

 

If the hypertension is left untreated or uncontrolled then it can cause many health problems. These conditions include heart failure, vision loss, kidney disease, and stroke.

 

 

 

What is Hypertension?

Hypertension or high blood pressure occurs when the blood pressure increases to unhealthy levels. The blood pressure measurement is defined as how much blood is passing through the blood vessels as well as the amount of resistance in the blood that meets while the heart is pumping.

 

Narrow arteries blood vessels increase resistance. The narrower the arteries are, the higher will be the blood pressure. Over the long term, increased blood pressure can cause health issues and heart disease.

 

Hypertension is quite a common condition. In fact, its guidelines are recently changed, it’s expected that nearly half of adults will be diagnosed with the condition.

 

The condition typically develops over the course of many years. Usually, the person does not notice any symptoms related to it. But even without symptoms, the high blood pressure can cause damage to the blood vessels and organs, especially the brain, eyes, heart, and kidneys.

 

Early detection of the condition is very important. Regular blood pressure readings can help the patient and his/her doctor to notice any changes.

 

If the blood pressure is elevated, the doctor may check the blood pressure and see if the number stays elevated or falls back to the normal levels.

 

 

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What are the Causes of Hypertension?

The heart is a muscle that pumps out the blood around the body.

 

Whereas the blood that has low oxygen levels is pumped towards the lungs. The oxygen-rich blood is then pumped by the heart to all around the body in muscles and cells. This pumping of the blood creates pressure.

 

If anyone has high blood pressure, it means that the walls of his arteries blood vessels are receiving too much pressure on a constant basis.

 

The causes of high blood pressure are further divided into two categories:

  • Essential high blood pressure
  • Secondary high blood pressure

Other causes which are responsible for hypertension includes;

  • Age
  • Family history regarding hypertension
  • Temperature
  • Ethnic background
  • Obesity and overweight
  • Some aspects of gender
  • Physical inactivity
  • Smoking
  • Alcohol intake
  • High salt intake
  • High-fat diet
  • Mental stress
  • Diabetes
  • Pregnancy

 

 

 

What are the Symptoms of Hypertension?

Following are some symptoms that are associated with hypertension including;

  • A headaches
  • Shortness of breath
  • Flushing
  • Dizziness
  • Nosebleeds
  • Chest pain
  • Visual changes
  • Blood in the urine

 

 

 

What are the Treatment Options Available for Hypertension?

There are several simple treatment options for hypertension including;

  • Changes in lifestyle can help lower high blood pressure.
  • Regular exercise.
  • Losing weight.
  • Relaxation techniques.
  • Proper sleep.

 

 

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Conclusion:

Hypertension is also known as high blood pressure. With the normal changes in daily routine, we can actually manage hypertension without using medicines.

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