High Blood Pressure: Causes, Prevention and Treatment

Vaibhav Saxena

, Health A2Z

High Blood Pressure (hypertension) is one major reason behind most of the severe cardiovascular diseases like heart attack, brain hemorrhage, and stroke. Learn below to tackle this dangerous ailment.




What is High Blood Pressure?

High blood pressure, also termed as hypertension, is detected when blood pressure (BP) which is measured by the circulation of blood striking the walls of arteries in the human body, rises to an intensifying level.


High blood pressure or hypertension is caused due to low oxygen level in blood reaching towards the lungs where the blood is filled with oxygen then the heart receives blood rich in oxygen and circulates it within the body through large arteries which generates pressure which can differ between low, normal and high.


It is an ailment which is acquired rapidly by humans due to many circumstances and causes.




What are the Causes of High Blood Pressure?

High blood pressure is considered when the blood pressure in arteries has risen above the normal BP level that is 120/80. This problem has emerged as the one of the most popular ailment from past years which can be sub-categorized into two types:


1. Primary Hypertension:

In this case, the cause is not established and unidentifiable whereas tends to be more natural. It is also termed as essential hypertension.


• Age factor: A human body encounters several changes along with age which is one major cause behind it. Men and Women both are more likely to acquire high blood pressure issues after an age of 60.

• Hereditary: One must check family history because genetic mutations and genetic abnormalities can make you exposed to this ailment.

• Body type: Overweighing and obese body require more blood circulation which can result in high blood pressure problems.


2. Secondary Hypertension:

This is more severe and cautious case of hypertension than primary hypertension. Secondary hypertension is more of a spontaneous act in which immediate doctor’s consultation is recommended:


• Kidney issues
• Adrenal gland problems
• Alcohol abuse or illegal drug abuse
• Congenital defect in blood vessels
• Sleep apnoea
• Medication side effects




What are the Symptoms of High Blood Pressure?

This disease is named as ‘the silent killer’ due to its tendency of depicting few and very unrecognizable symptoms like a headache, nausea, dizziness, and weakness in the body. Whereas, outcomes of hypertension can lead to drastic ailments like heart attack and brain stroke.




What are the Possible Preventions for High Blood Pressure?

We become what we eat‘- This proverb suits well in case of preventing hypertension. Too much sugary, salty and fatty food must be avoided and consumption of fruits and vegetable must be increased due to the presence of potassium, magnesium, and fibers in them.


Alcoholic drinks and illegal drug consumption is prone to hypertension whereas exercises, yoga, and sports stand amid of hypertension’s way to acquire you.




What are the Available Treatments for High Blood Pressure?

Hypertension can’t be plucked away by surgery or laser treatment but there are many exercises, practices, and medication available to opt according to chronicity of it.


1. Slightly Elevated Blood Pressure:

In such scenario, minor changes in lifestyle can easily resolve the issue. Minor changes involve routine eating and sleeping habits.


2. Moderately Elevated Blood Pressure:

If the high blood pressure problem tends to repeat and generating a serious cardiovascular disease so doctor recommends medication which involves:

• Angiotensin Converting Enzyme (ACE) inhibitors
• Angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARB’s)
• Diuretics
• Calcium channel blockers
• Alpha-2 agonists


3. Severe Hypertension:

This is also known as hypertension crisis. In this case, blood pressure increases vigorously and the doctor suggests immediate medications (aforementioned), a regular schedule of exercises, sleep routine, stress management and healthy diet.


Severe Hypertension may lead to death risky diseases and cardiovascular troubles so one must act immediately if diagnosed.





High blood pressure is a worrisome disease which is likely to acquire adults as well as children. So, prevention must be done by leading a healthy lifestyle by eating nutritious food, exercising and taking proper sleep. One should not deal carelessly with this ailment as it can transform drastically. Regular check-up and tests are a good way of tackling it.

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