Chronic Disease & Nutrition Are Closely Related

Divya Tripathi

, Health A2Z

Nowadays, it became very important to take healthy diet, it plays a vital part to maintain your health. If you are dealing with any chronic disease it becomes more important to take care of your diet to manage your health and stay healthy. Here today we are going to discuss that Chronic Disease & Nutrition are closely related to each other.


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The connection between Chronic Disease & Nutrition



Poor Nutrition is one of the main contributors to the leading causes of chronic disease. Good and healthy diets combining with physical activity are the elementary causes of nutrition which are necessary for long and healthy life. An unbalanced diet is high in energy like sugar, starch, and fat but low in necessary nutrients execute to energy excess, overweight, and obesity. The total quantity of the energy ingest in relevancy to physical activity and also the quality of food are key determinants of nutrition and chronic disease.




Chronic Diseases are Caused by Poor Nutrition



Nutrition plays an important role in some of the leading chronic diseases and increases the risk of diseases like:




  • Diabetes


  • Obesity


  • High blood pressure


  • Stroke





Heart Diseases:


Heart diseases are one of the most dangerous diseases, and it increases to a great extent due to unbalanced diets and physical inactivity. Risk of heart disease and stroke can be reduced by eating trans and less saturated fats, and sufficient amounts of polyunsaturated fats, fruits, and vegetables, and less salt. Reduce the amount of salt intake, it helps to reduce blood pressure, a major cause of heart diseases.






Excess weight gain, obesity, and less physical activity can increase the risk of type 2 diabetes, worldwide. Diabetes can also increase the risk of heart disease, kidney disease, stroke, and infections. The increased amount of physical activity and continuing a healthy weight play important roles in the prevention and treatment of diabetes.



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The imbalance between declining energy outlay due to physical inactivity and high energy in the diet is the main cause of obesity. Physical activity and less intake of foods and drinks which are high in fat and can prevent excess weight gain. Taking these simple in your lifestyle changes can make you healthier and fit.







Tobacco is the number one cause of cancer, but dietary factors contribute significantly to some types of cancer. Maintaining a healthy weight will reduce the risk for cancers of the esophagus, colorectum, breast, endometrium and kidney. Limiting alcohol intake will reduce the risk for cancers of the mouth, throat, esophagus, liver and breast. Ensuring an adequate intake of fruit and vegetables should further reduce the risk for oral cavity, esophagus, stomach and colorectal cancer.



Osteoporosis and bone fractures:



fragility fractures are a problem for older people. Adequate intakes of calcium (500 mg per day or more) and of vitamin D in populations with high osteoporosis rates helps to reduce fracture risk, so does sun exposure and physical activity to strengthen bones and muscles.



Dental Disease:


caries is preventable by limiting the frequency and amount of consumption of sugars and by appropriate exposure to fluoride. Erosion of teeth by dietary acids in beverages or other acidic foods may contribute to tooth destruction.



How does Nutrition affect Chronic Disease?


As chronic diseases are largely preventable, a global strategy on diet, physical activity, and health is needed. Changes in the diet that may be helpful in reducing the risk of chronic diseases include eating a diet that is low in fat and sugars and rich in fruits, vegetables, and wholegrain foods.



Diseases are affected by Nutrition



Nutritional disease, any of the nutrient-related diseases and conditions that cause illness in humans. They may include deficiencies or excesses in the diet, obesity and eating disorders, and chronic diseases such as cardiovascular disease, hypertension, cancer, and diabetes mellitus.







As we discussed in the blog,  chronic disease & nutrition are closely related to each other. To maintain good health it is very important to take a balanced diet. If you are having any chronic disease like diabetes or acute kidney disease then consult your doctor about your balance diet which is beneficial to your health.


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