Know the complications of Diabetes Insipidus

Divya Tripathi

, Health A2Z

Diabetes and diabetes insipidus both are different. When we talk about diabetes insipidus, it is a rare disorder that occurs when an individual’s kidneys pass an abnormally large volume of urine. This is known as insipid dilute and odorless. The common complications of diabetes insipidus are dehydration or thirstiness.


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In healthy people, the kidneys pass around 1 to 2 quarts of urine daily. But, people who are dealing with diabetes insipidus, passes 3 to 20 quarts of urine a day. So, the patient of diabetes insipidus may feel thirsty as compare to others.


Diabetes insipidus and diabetes mellitus


Diabetes insipidus and diabetes mellitus include both type 1 and type 2 diabetes. But these conditions are unrelated, although both conditions cause frequent urination and constant thirst. The complications of diabetes insipidus and diabetes mellitus are also different.


Diabetes mellitus causes high blood sugar, resulting from the body’s inability to use blood glucose for energy. But, people who are dealing with diabetes insipidus have normal blood glucose levels. However, their kidneys are not able to balance fluid in the body.



What are the types of diabetes insipidus?


The types of diabetes insipidus include:


  • Central
  • Nephrogenic
  • Dipsogenic
  • Gestational


Complications of diabetes insipidus


The two main complications of diabetes insipidus are electrolyte imbalance and dehydration. Complications are more likely if the condition goes undiagnosed or is poorly controlled.




It is one of the most common complications of diabetes insipidus. If you have diabetes insipidus, your body is not able to retain the required water, even if you drink liquid very frequently. This can lead to Dehydration.


If you or someone around you has diabetes insipidus, then you should be very careful regarding the signs and symptoms of dehydration. The symptoms may include:


  • Dizziness or light-headedness
  • Headache
  • Dry mouth and lips
  • Sunken features (particularly the eyes)
  • Confusion and irritability


You can treat dehydration by rebalancing the level of water in your body.


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Electrolyte Imbalance


Electrolytes are minerals inside your body with a tiny electric charge. When you lose too much water, your electrolyte levels can go up. When this happens, you might notice:


  • A headache
  • Feeling tired all the time (fatigue)
  • Irritability
  • Muscle pain


Less sleep


Diabetes insipidus can lead to nocturia, a medical name for waking up in the night to pee. The result: a less restful night.




Diabetes insipidus is not similar to diabetes mellitus, even these two are entirely different from each other. The symptoms of both are also very different. So, don’t get confused by the name and take the proper treatment with a specialist according to your condition.


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