Difference Between Diabetes Insipidus and Diabetes Mellitus

Somya Verma

, Health A2Z



Some similar terms in the medical fields seem to confuse us. One of them is Diabetes Insipidus and Diabetes Mellitus. While the former is due to hormonal and enzyme inactivity, the other one is related to body functions. We need to understand what the difference between Diabetes Insipidus and Diabetes Mellitus is. We can see the difference in the causes as well as the symptoms. Most of the patients fail to understand if Diabetes Insipidus and Diabetes Mellitus are different or the same.


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What is the Difference Between Diabetes Insipidus and Diabetes Mellitus?


The major differences between Diabetes Insipidus and Diabetes Mellitus are what the cause of the two is. Diabetes Insipidus is caused when there is dysfunction in the pituitary gland of the brain. While Diabetes Mellitus is the increase of sugar level in your blood and the insulin misbalance, the other is a rare case of gland problems.



What is the Difference in Symptoms?


While you read the symptoms separately you will understand the difference between Diabetes Insipidus and Diabetes Mellitus.


Diabetes Insipidus


• Extreme thirst

• Diluted urine flowing in large amounts

• Frequent night urination

• Increased desire to have aerated drinks



Diabetes Mellitus


• Extreme hunger

• Unexplained weight loss


• Irritability

• Blurred vision

• Slow-healing sores

• Various infections like skin and vaginal



Now let us see what and where is the difference between Diabetes Insipidus and Diabetes Mellitus in terms of its causes:


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Diabetes Insipidus:


Diabetes insipidus usually takes place when your body can’t properly balance the body’s fluid levels. When your fluid regulation system is working properly, your kidneys are the one which is responsible to maintain this balance. The kidneys remove fluids from your bloodstream. When this system is affected then you suffer from Diabetes Insipidus.



Diabetes Mellitus:


While there are two types of Diabetes Mellitus, we should know that the main cause of the two is weakened the immune system and sugar levels. While one is general and is known as type 1 the other is type2 which is the resistance of insulin in the body.



While it is might seem that the two are the same because sometimes there are very similar types of symptoms and it is difficult to find out the difference until the condition is extremely critical, the names are also a reason why the patients and a layman can be confused.



In India, there are cases of both found, “According to the World Health Organization (WHO), India had 69.2 million people living with diabetes in 2015.” Also in the Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism, the “other diabetes” is the term used for Diabetes Insipidus. The journal describes diabetes as “Diabetes insipidus (DI) is a hereditary or acquired condition which disrupts the normal life of persons with the condition; disruption is due to increased thirst and passing of large volumes of urine, even at night. “



Hence the prevalence of both kinds is not escaped from the purview of the Indian scenario. It is therefore necessary that our consumers and our readers have the right information and take actions according to the correct knowledge about the difference between Diabetes Insipidus and Diabetes Mellitus. We are here to provide answers to your queries and also give you excellent assistance through our health experts.


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