Know the types of fatty liver disease by Dr. Mukul Rastogi

Anju Bisht

, Health A2Z


Too much of anything is bad for you. In reference, the liver containing fat is normal, but too much fat in the liver can cause fatty liver disease. If your liver has more than 10% of the liver weight, your liver might be fatty. You are more likely to develop complications of fatty liver, let’s get familiar with different types of fatty liver.


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What is fatty liver disease?


The build-up of fat in the liver causes fatty liver. Another term for fatty liver disease is hepatic steatosis, you will often hear it from the doctor. Years of excessive alcohol consumption leads to the accumulation of fat in the liver cells. Hence causing fatty liver, even non-drinkers can get fatty liver. We will discuss the types of fatty liver shortly to make a clear understanding of the relation between alcohol and fatty liver.


The liver function is to remove the harmful substances from the body, digest the food, and stores the energy in your body. While the condition makes it harder for the liver to perform such functions.


Types of fatty liver disease


There are two main types of fatty liver disease- nonalcoholic and alcoholic. Then again, the two types include subtypes below them.


Nonalcoholic fatty liver


The condition where fat builds up in the liver of people who don’t drink a lot of alcohol, then your doctor will diagnose you with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. Below are the types of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease.


  • Simple nonalcoholic fatty liver


In this condition, you have fat in your liver but may not have any inflammation in the liver or damage to liver cells. The condition usually doesn’t get worse or cause problems with your liver.


  • Nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH)


When the accumulated excess fat is accompanied by inflammation in the liver, a condition, we call Nonalcoholic steatohepatitis. Untreated NASH can lead to scarring of the liver. In the worst case, can cause cirrhosis and liver failure



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  • Acute fatty liver of pregnancy (AFLP)


This rare condition is a serious complication of pregnancy, where the exact cause is unknown. Acute fatty liver of pregnancy usually appears in the third trimester of pregnancy. It can cause serious health risks to both mother and baby if left untreated.



Alcoholic fatty liver disease (AFLD)


I think you know alcohol can damage the liver and the damage leads to improper functioning of the liver. As a result, causes the build-up of fat, which is known as alcoholic fatty liver. Below-mentioned are the types of fatty liver under the category of alcoholic fatty liver disease.



  • Simple AFLD


As for simple alcoholic fatty liver diseases AFLD, there is no inflammation or complications accompanying the build-up fat.



  • Alcoholic steatohepatitis (ASH)


This condition is also known as alcoholic hepatitis. A build-up of excess fat in the liver along with liver inflammation is known as ASH.  It can cause scarring of your liver (cirrhosis) which also leads to liver failure if left untreated.



With this take proper care of your health and make all the required changes in your lifestyle to avoid these types of fatty liver disease. For more details like fatty liver causes, we have already shared a blog previously. For any further details consult the doctor as the smallest issue inside your body may be linked to a high risk of severe diseases. For the treatment of the related condition, you can call us or can connect us on WhatsApp at +91 9654030724


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