Vaginal Yeast Infection : Symptoms, Causes And Prevention

Divya Tripathi

, Health A2Z

A vaginal yeast infection, also medically known as candidiasis, is a common condition. A vagina contains bacteria and some yeast cells as well. But when the ratio of yeast and bacteria changes, the yeast cells can multiply. This causes swelling, intense itching, and irritation.


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Treating a vaginal yeast infection can relieve within a few days. In more severe condition, it may take more than two weeks.


Vaginal yeast infections are not a sexually transmitted infection (STI). Sexual contact can spread it, but women who aren’t sexually active can also get this infection. Once you get this infection, you’re also more prone to get another one.




What are the symptoms of a Vaginal Yeast Infection?



It has a common set of symptoms, such as:


  • Vaginal itching


  • Swelling around the vagina


  • Burning during urination or intercourse


  • Pain during intercourse


  • Soreness


  • Redness


  • Rash




What are the Causes of Vaginal Yeast Infections?



There are many causes due to which you could get a yeast infection, including:


Hormones: Changes during pregnancy, menopause or breastfeeding can change the balance of bacteria and yeast in your vagina.


Diabetes: If your sugar is not controlled, then it increases the sugar in the mucus membranes of your vagina and can create a place for yeast to grow.


Antibiotics: The antibiotic drugs can kill many bacteria that live in your vagina.


Douches and Vaginal Sprays: The use of douches and vaginal sprays can change the balance in your vagina.


A weakened immune system: If you have any immune system disorder like HIV virus, the yeast may also grow uncontrolled.


Sex: Though it is not a sexually transmitted infection, it can be passed from person to person through sexual contact.



Prevention from Vaginal Yeast Infection:



To reduce your risk of vaginal yeast infections:


  • Wear underwear that has a cotton crotch.


  • Tight-fitting pantyhose


  • Douching, it removes normal bacteria in the vagina which can cause an infection


  • Scented products, including bubble bath, pads, and tampons


  • Hot tubs or hot baths


  • Excess use of antibiotic use


  • Avoid staying in wet clothes, such as swimsuits.


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How is a Vaginal Yeast Infection Treated?


Every infection is different, so go to the doctor he will suggest a treatment that’s best for you. Treatments can be categorized on the severity of your symptoms.


Simple Infections

In simple infections, your doctor will prescribe you a one-to-three–day treatment of an ointment, antifungal cream, or tablet. These medications can be in either over-the-counter (OTC) form or a prescription.


Common medications include:


  • butoconazole (Gynazole)


  • clotrimazole (Lotrimin)


  • miconazole (Monistat)


  • terconazole (Terazol)


  • fluconazole (Diflucan)



Complicated Infections


Your doctor will more than likely treat your yeast infection as if it were a complicated case, Include:


  • Severe redness, swelling, and itching


  • More than four yeast infections in a year


  • Infection caused by Candida


  • Pregnancy


  • Uncontrolled diabetes


  • HIV-positive



What are the Natural Treatments for Vaginal Yeast Infection?


You can treat yeast infections with natural remedies as well. if you would like to avoid taking prescription medication. Some popular natural remedies include:


  • Coconut oil


  • Tea tree oil cream


  • Garlic


  • Boric acid vaginal suppositories


  • Plain yogurt


  • Wash your hand properly before applying any creams or oils to your vagina.


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The Vaginal yeast infection is a common infection in women. If it is a simple infection it will be cured within two to three days and if it is complicated than it can take more than 2 to 3 weeks. You can also treat this yeast infection by the above-mentioned home remedies after consulting your doctor about these remedies because If your symptoms are due to something other than a simple yeast infection, your doctor can help diagnose your condition.

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