The most common type of diabetes in children and teens is type 1. It is also known as juvenile diabetes.
With this type 1 diabetes, the pancreas does not make insulin which basically causes diabetes in children. Insulin is a hormone that helps body glucose, or sugar, to get into your cells to give them energy. Without insulin, too much sugar remains in the blood.
(People Also Like To Read: Know About the Types of Diabetes)
Now younger people or children are also getting type 2 diabetes. Type 2 diabetes used to be known as adult-onset diabetes. But now it is becoming more common in children and teens, due to obesity. With type 2 diabetes, the body does not make or use insulin well.
Children or teens have a higher risk of type 2 diabetes if they are overweight or obese, have a family history of diabetes, or are inactive. To lower the risk of type 2 diabetes in children, the parent can do the following things including;
- Be sure they are physically active
- Have them maintain a healthy weight
- Have them eat smaller portions of healthy foods
- Limit there time with the television, computer, and video
What are the Symptoms and Signs of Diabetes in Children?
The symptoms signs of type 1 and type 2 diabetes in children usually develop quickly, over a period of weeks. These signs and symptoms include:
Symptoms of Type 1:
- Increased thirst and urination
- Weight loss
- The fruity smell on the breath
Symptoms of Type 2:
- Urinating more often, especially at night
- Unexplained weight loss
- Increased thirst
- Itching around the genitals, possibly with a yeast infection
- Blurred vision, as the eye’s lens becomes dry
- Slow healing of cuts or wounds
(You Might Also Like To Read: Diabetes In Family? Inactive Lifestyle Can Be Very Dangerous: Study)
What are the Causes of Diabetes in Children?
The exact cause of type 1 diabetes in children is unknown. But in most children with type 1 diabetes, the body’s immune system which normally fights against harmful viruses and bacteria mistakenly destroys insulin-producing (islet) cells in the pancreas.
Genetics and environmental factors also play a role in this process.
Insulin does a critical job of moving sugar or glucose from the bloodstream to the body’s cells. Sugar enters the bloodstream when food is digested.
Once the islet cells of the pancreas are destroyed by harmful viruses and bacteria, your child produces little or no insulin. As a result, glucose increases up in your child’s bloodstream, where it can cause life-threatening complications.
What are the Treatments Available for Diabetes in Children?
After diagnosis, a child will usually be referred to a diabetes specialist. Most children with diabetes are cared for by their hospital.
This is because, type 1 diabetes typically means that the vast majority of islet cells that have been destroyed and insufficient or zero insulin can be produced, the only certain way of treating diabetes in children is insulin treatment.
Usually, a diabetes care team plan an insulin regimen that is suited to individual requirements and habits of the child.
With all this information regarding diabetes in children, doing slight changes in the lifestyle of children we can easily prevent diabetes in children.
(People Also Like To Read: How Do Diabetes Medicines or Supplements Work? Do They Really Work For You?)
Disclaimer: GoMedii is a recognized and a considerate healthcare platform which tends to connect every dot of the healthcare needs and facilities. GoMedii facilitates the accessibility of all health news, health tips, and information from the Health experts and Doctors to the eyes of readers. All of the information and facts mentioned in the GoMedii Blog are thoroughly examined and verified by the Doctors and Health Experts, elsewise source of information is confirmed for the same.
About GoMedii: GoMedii is a Healthcare Technology Platform That Works Out Your Treatment / Surgery the Way You Need & Plan. A Treatment partner that simplifies the patient journey at every step. Drop Your Queries for the most affordable & world-class treatment options.You may simply download the GoMedii app for Android or iOS.