HYPOGLYCEMIA: How to Treat it?

Sonali Kapoor

, Health A2Z


Hypoglycemia! Well nowadays most of the people are dealing with this and it’s quite common. Low blood sugar usually happens when your blood sugar level is critically low and that time people may experience weakness, fatigue, feeling faint. In this blog, I am giving you some details about Hypoglycemia and how to treat it effectively.


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What is Hypoglycemia?


It is a condition which is caused by a very low level of blood sugar as glucose is your body’s main energy source. Low blood sugar is often related to the treatment of diabetes. Although, a variety of conditions can rarely cause low blood sugar in people who don’t have diabetes.


What are the Symptoms of Hypoglycemia?


There are some signs and symptoms of low blood sugar include:


  • An irregular heart rhythm


  • Fatigue


  • Pale skin


  • Shakiness



  • Sweating


  • Hunger


  • Irritability


  • Tingling sensation around the mouth


  • Crying out during sleep


As hypoglycemia worsens, signs and symptoms may include:


  • Confusion, abnormal behavior or both, such as the inability to complete routine tasks


  • Visual disturbances, such as blurred vision



  • Loss of consciousness


What is the Main Cause of Hypoglycemia?


Too much of insulin or other diabetes medications may cause the blood sugar level to drop too low, causing low blood sugar. It may also happen if you don’t eat as much food as usual after taking diabetes medication, or if you exercise more than you normally would.




How to Prevent Hypoglycemia?


If you have diabetes, there are some ways you can prevent hypoglycemia include:


  • Follow the meal plan


  • Eat at least three evenly spaced meals each day with between-meal snacks as prescribed.


  • Plan the meals no more than 4 to 5 hours apart.


  • Exercise at least 30 minutes to 1 hour after meals. Check the sugar level before and after exercise, and discuss with the doctor what types of changes can be made.


  • Double-check the insulin and dose of diabetes medicine before taking it.


  • If you drink alcohol, be moderate and monitor the blood sugar levels.


  • Know when your medicine is at its peak level.


  • Test your blood sugar as often as directed by your doctor.


  • Try to carry an identification bracelet which says that you have diabetes.


How is Hypoglycemia Treated?



If you have diabetes and you also have symptoms of hypoglycemia, then you should check your blood glucose level right away. If it’s low, you should eat or drink something which will quickly raise the blood sugar. For mild to moderate hypoglycemia, you need to consume at least 15 grams of carbohydrates, such as 4 glucose tablets, 5 or 6 pieces of dark chocolate a cup of milk, 4 ounces of orange juice, or 6 ounces of regular (not diet) soda. Wait 15 minutes and retest the blood glucose level. If it is still low, then you should consume another 15 grams of carbohydrates again.



If it is not corrected right away, it can immediately get worsen. You may become very confused and unable to manage the condition. In some cases, you may even lose consciousness, have a seizure, or go into a coma.


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Treatment of the Underlying Condition


The treatment of the underlying condition of hypoglycemia may include:


Medications:  If a medication is the cause of the hypoglycemia, then the doctor will likely advise changing the medication or adjusting the dosage.


Tumor treatment:  A tumor in the pancreas is treated by surgical removal of the tumor. In such cases, partial removal of the pancreas is necessary.



Hypoglycemia Diet


In low blood sugar, there’s a diet which you should follow such as:


Breakfast: 1 paneer sandwich with  1 glass of milk/egg in any form /potato sandwich. 1 A cup of milk with jaggery powder /fresh orange juice with 2 toast


Before lunch:  buttermilk / fruits chaat / any 1 fruit/ 1 cup black coffee / lemon water


Lunch -multigrain roti / paneer/ green veg / roasted chicken /salad /whole wheat item / brown rice pulao


Snacks: 1 cup of coffee with 1 tsp of sugar with digestive bis / roasted channa / roasted bajra / handful of nuts with milk/ 1 cup coffee with glucose bis (2-3)


Dinner: Multigrain roti/grilled fish /Tuna fish / baked potato veg /paneer tikka/brown bread with veg / sauteed veg

Post Dinner: Have milk with jaggery powder




In this blog, a description of hypoglycemia along with some ways to treat it effectively are mentioned. This information is shared by the best diabetologist in Noida in regards to the people suffering from issues related to glucose level.


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