Kidney Failure : How Badly It Can Affect You? By Dr. Manoj Agarwal


Kidney failure, which is also known as an end-stage renal disease (ESRD), is the last stage of chronic kidney disease. When kidneys failure condition occurs, it means they have stopped working well enough for you to survive without dialysis or a kidney transplant.


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What is Kidney Failure?



Kidneys are a bean-shaped pair of organs that are located toward your lower back. Your kidney is on the side of your spine. They use to filter your blood and remove toxins from your body. Kidneys send toxins as a waste to your bladder, which removes the toxins during urination.


Kidney failure happens when kidneys lose the ability to properly filter waste from your blood. There are so many factors which can interfere with your kidney health as well as function, like:


  • Toxic exposure to environmental pollutants


  • Certain medications


  • Certain chronic diseases


  • Severe dehydration


  • Kidney trauma



What are the Symptoms of Chronic Kidney Disease?


CKD or Chronic kidney disease gets worse gradually, and symptoms can not appear until your kidneys are badly damaged. In the late stages of Chronic kidney disease, as you are nearing kidney failure (ESRD), you may notice symptoms that are caused by waste and extra fluid building up in your body.



You may notice any of the following symptoms if your kidneys are started to fail:



  • Itching


  • Muscle cramps


  • Nausea and vomiting


  • Not feeling hungry


  • Swelling in your feet and ankles


  • Too much urine (pee) or not enough urine


  • Trouble catching your breath


  • Trouble sleeping


If your kidneys stop working suddenly, this condition is called acute kidney failure, you can notice any of the following symptoms:



  • Back pain


  • Diarrhea



  • Nosebleeds


  • Rash



Having any of the above symptoms may be a sign of serious kidney problems. You should not ignore these and contact your doctor right away.


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What Causes Kidney Failure?


Usually, kidney failure is caused by other health-related problems which harm to your kidneys gradually, over time.

When your kidneys are damaged, they are not able to work as they should. If the damage to your kidneys continues to get worse and your kidneys are less able to perform their job, that means you have chronic kidney disease. Kidney failure is the last stage of chronic kidney disease also called ESRD (End-Stage Renal Disease).

Diabetes is one of the most common causes of kidney failure. While High blood pressure is the second most common cause of ESRD. some other problems which can cause kidney failure include:



  • Genetic diseases, like polycystic kidney disease


  • Nephrotic syndrome




What is the Treatment of Kidney Failure?



If you have kidney failure or the end-stage renal disease, you will need a kidney transplant or dialysis to live. There is no cure for it, but so many people live long lives on the dialysis or after having a kidney transplant.

There are just a for treating kidney failure, including kidney transplant and several types of dialysis. Your doctor may help you find out which treatment is best for you according to your condition.



What are the Complications of Kidney Failure?



Your kidneys do lots of things to keep you healthy. Cleaning your blood is only one of their jobs. They also control fluids and chemicals in your body, which help to control your blood pressure as well as help make red blood cells. Dialysis can do some of them, not all, of the jobs that healthy kidneys do for your body. So, when you are treated for kidney failure, you may have some problems that come from having kidneys that don’t work well


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