Hematuria: Types, Cause, Symptoms, and Treatment

Vaibhav Saxena

, Health A2Z

In any case, where blood is involved gives us chills. Imagine blood while urinating! That’s how complex this disease called hematuria is in real life. Through this article learn the causes, symptoms, treatment and other information about this disease.




What is Hematuria?

Hematuria is a disease which is induced by other dangerous diseases thriving in our body like kidney stones, Urinal Tract Infection (UTI), or cancer. All of the above-mentioned diseases can be held responsible for triggering hematuria.


This disease is also denoted with the phrase “blood in urine” due it’s nature. In this disease, Blood cells are generally passed through the excretion passage of urine by making a visible or invisible mixture.


The visibility of blood cells in urine categorizes this disease into two types:


1. Macroscopic Hematuria:

This is generally called Gross Hematuria. Blood clots are mixed with urine which forms a red, brown or pink solution which is clearly visible to naked eyes. This type doesn’t happen to be much severe.


2. Microscopic Hematuria:

People suffering from this type are not likely to detect it through their naked eyes until urinalysis is conducted. A large amount of red blood cells (RBCs) is excreting this ailment.



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What are the Causes of Hematuria?

Blood in the urine can be very disturbing and painful for a patient. As the study shows, organs of the urinary tract are responsible for letting the blood pass through the urine which has many possible causes underlined below:


1. Urinary tract infections:

The urinary tract is where the urine is generated and excreted, infection in this part can cause this ailment.


2. Kidney infection:

Kidneys are infected by bacteria through the bloodstream or urethra which can trigger hematuria.


3. Bladder or Kidney stones:

Deposition of mineral salts as a rigid substance called stones over the walls of kidney or bladder causes blood in the urine.


4. Prostatitis:

Swelling of the prostate gland which is responsible for generating semen is also a stronghold cause of blood in the urine.


5. Cancer:

Patients who are suffering from cancer are likely to fall prey to this disease.


6. Strenuous exercise:

Strenuous exercises include swimming laps, jogging, cycling, aerobics, calisthenics, running and more which can alarm this disease.


7. Medications:

Side effects of anti-cancer medicines and other particular medicines can cause urinary bleeding to occur.


8. Inheritance:

Some people carry inherited traits and damaged red blood cells which can cause both microscopic as well as macroscopic hematuria.




What are the Symptoms of Hematuria?

Symptoms of the disease are some visuals that include red, brown or pink colored urine and slight pain in the lower abdominal area. Whereas, microscopic hematuria doesn’t show any visible symptoms, can only be detected by urinalysis tests.


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What are the Treatments of Hematuria?

Treatment of the disease begins with diagnosis through digital and physical tests of patient, urinalysis, and analysis of all possible causes.


After proper diagnosis, the doctor tends to resolve the cause or disease which is triggering the ailment.


Anti-biotics are provided in case of any bacterial infection, treatment according to the size of kidney or bladder stones and complete cessation of strenuous exercise are recommended according to the responsible cause behind it.


Doctors also suggest rest and healthy diet consisting of iron and fluids, avoids food with animal fat and oxalates.


Asymptomatic Microscopic Hematuria in males and females:

Microscopic hematuria doesn’t reflect any symptoms in males or females whereas Urinal tract malignancy influences males more than females which can be the initial cause of invisible blood in urine.


Women of age over 60 with a history of smoking and bacterial infection in urinal tract can develop this condition, whereas age bar for males falls to 50 years.





Hematuria should be diagnosed and treated promptly with full concern right after the first symptom. Neglecting this disease can lead to trouble for future.

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