Kidneys play an important role in the body’s many functionalities like maintaining overall fluid balance of the body. However, kidney cancer surgery is a procedure of removing or eliminating a certain part of the kidney to fatal reason like a tumor or widespread infection.
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What is Kidney Cancer?
Kidney cancer is also termed as ‘Renal Cancer‘ which occurs when the cells of the kidney become malignant is a large scale. These cancerous or malignant cells tend to outgrow in a massive and uncontrollable manner, therefore forms a tumor over the kidney. It has been observed that all of the kidney cancers appear in a form of tiny tubes which are easily detectable and recognized before they ought to be dangerous.
The kidneys are basically two bean-shaped organs which are useful in many major functionalities of the body such as urination and fluid balancing. The kidney is infected from some kind of outer body or inner infection which leads to the condition of malignancy or cancer.
What is Kidney Cancer Surgery?
Kidney Cancer Surgery is a procedure for treating kidney, as the name suggests. Surgery for Kidney cancer is only performed and regulated by a verified urologist. Kidney Cancer Surgery is a complex procedure that is performed to extract a part or complete kidney, depends on the severity of the tumour outgrowing over the kidney.
Kidney cancer surgery is also known as Nephrectomy which can be performed through a single incision in the abdomen or side (open nephrectomy) or through a series of small incisions in the abdomen using a camera and small instruments (laparoscopic nephrectomy).
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What are the Types of Kidney Cancer Surgery?
Surgical methods of Kidney cancer is considered to be liable to treat many other kidney conditions such as kidney stones, kidney infections, and many other chronic kidney diseases. Therefore, there are multiple types of kidney cancer surgeries as listed below.
1. Nephrectomy and radical nephrectomy:
Nephrectomy is the surgical procedure to remove a kidney. A radical nephrectomy is the removal of one entire kidney, surrounding lymph nodes, and the adrenal gland and is usually performed as a first step in treating kidney cancer. After removal of a kidney, patients can lead normal, healthful lives.
2. Percutaneous nephrolithotomy/nephrolithotripsy:
These kidney cancer surgery methods are also known as tunnel surgery. This procedure is suitable in the case of kidney stone removal. In both procedures, the surgeon accesses the kidney through a small incision in the back and threads a nephroscope (a miniature fiber-optic camera) and other small instruments through the hole.
3. Open vs. minimally invasive surgery:
Open, or traditional, surgery usually involves an incision in the abdomen or side, although some procedures access the kidney through the lower back.
4. Partial nephrectomy or nephron-sparing surgery (NSS):
Through the procedure of partial nephrectomy or nephron-sparing surgery (NSS), the complete portion surrounding the tumor or a small part of the tumor is extracted and removed with the help of incision.
5. Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL or lithotripsy):
ESWL or lithotripsy is a non-invasive procedure which is used to treat kidney stones or infection with the help of shock wave and heat, however, this procedure is not much effective in the case of kidney cancer.
What is the Survival Rate of Kidney Cancer Surgery?
The survival rate of kidney cancer is not quite of a certain thing, some doctor says a few months and some even claim several years. Moreover, 5 years is considered to be an ideal span time that a patient kidney cancer can survive. Although, after a successful kidney cancer surgery a person tends to survive for a much longer time with a healthy lifestyle.
What to Expect After Kidney Cancer Surgery?
‘In the majority of the cases, the cancer is not likely to spread to the other kidney and you may not lose a kidney at all, says Urologist Dr. Manoj Aggarwal‘. It is quite certain that a person must be practice an active surveillance and care after the surgery and should intake a good diet. It can be possible kidney cancer could return even after the surgery to better keep your health check-ups updated.
Radiation procedures seem to be a safe option but most often these procedures fail to treat the malignancy of kidneys. Hence, kidney cancer surgery turns out to be an effective and solid option to pick in order to find relief from such deathly ailment. Also, maintaining a good diet is quite compulsory after the surgery and light exercises are a boon.
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