Male Infertility Treatment In India

, Treatments

What Is Male Infertility?


Male infertility refers to various health issues that can reduce a man’s ability to impregnate his female partner. It is estimated that approximately 7 percent of men worldwide experience infertility problems, which can lead to significant stress and frustration. However, there are several treatment options available for male infertility, depending on the underlying causes. Some common factors contributing to male infertility include varicocele, infections, and cancer.


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Male infertility can manifest in several ways:


Low Libido or Reduced Sex Drive: Some men may experience a decline in their sex drive or libido, which can impact their ability to initiate sexual activity. Adopting healthier lifestyle choices, dietary improvements, and considering supplements can be effective in boosting libido.


Erectile Dysfunction or Impotence: Erectile dysfunction is a condition where a man is unable to achieve or maintain an erection during sexual intercourse. Addressing the underlying causes of erectile dysfunction through medical intervention or lifestyle changes can improve the chances of conception.


Low Sperm Count: A low sperm count, which indicates a lower concentration of sperm in the semen, can significantly reduce the likelihood of pregnancy. Medical treatments, lifestyle adjustments, and dietary modifications can help increase sperm count and improve fertility.


Sperm Motility Issues: Even if a man’s semen has a healthy sperm count, some sperm may lack the ability to swim or move effectively. This reduced sperm motility diminishes the chances of successful conception. Various treatments, depending on the specific case, can enhance sperm motility and improve fertility.


Testosterone Levels: In certain cases, low levels of testosterone can also contribute to male infertility. Hormone replacement therapies or other medical interventions can help balance testosterone levels and potentially restore fertility.


It is crucial for couples facing infertility issues to consult with a healthcare professional or a fertility specialist to identify the underlying causes accurately. Based on a comprehensive evaluation, appropriate treatment options can be recommended to enhance the chances of successful pregnancy.


Open communication and support between partners are essential throughout this process, as infertility can be emotionally challenging for both individuals involved. With the right approach and timely intervention, many couples can overcome male infertility and realize their dream of starting a family.


Understanding The Causes Of Male Infertility


Male infertility can arise from various health issues, lifestyle choices, and environmental factors. Luckily, many of these causes can be addressed and treated effectively at the finest urology or male infertility hospitals in Hyderabad and across the country. Let’s explore the primary reasons behind male infertility:


Varicocele – This condition results in the swelling of veins that drain the testicles, leading to reduced sperm count. Additionally, blockages in the sperm-carrying tubes due to surgery, trauma, or injury can also contribute to infertility.


Problems with sexual intercourse – Infertility may be caused by several issues, such as erectile dysfunction, ejaculation problems, and anatomical abnormalities.


Other underlying health conditions – Certain medical conditions, including infections, cancers, tumors, hormone imbalances, celiac disease, and specific medications, can also lead to male infertility.


Furthermore, certain environmental factors play a significant role in causing infertility and diminishing sperm quality:


Exposure to industrial chemicals and heavy metals – Contact with pesticides, herbicides, benzenes, xylene, painting materials, organic solvents, and heavy metals like lead can result in lower sperm counts.


Radiation – Frequent exposure to radiation and X-rays can negatively impact sperm production.


Being aware of these potential causes of male infertility is crucial, as it empowers individuals to seek timely medical assistance and explore appropriate treatment options. By addressing these factors proactively, many cases of male infertility can be successfully managed, offering hope to couples aspiring to start a family.


Some other causes of male infertility include:


The male reproductive system is influenced by various lifestyle factors, and certain habits can have detrimental effects on sperm production and quality. In this article, we will explore how drug and alcohol use, smoking, emotional distress, and obesity can impact male fertility.


Drug and Alcohol Use:


Anabolic steroids, commonly abused by some individuals for performance-enhancing purposes, can significantly disrupt the natural production and quality of sperm. These synthetic hormones can interfere with the delicate hormonal balance required for proper sperm development, leading to decreased fertility.

Similarly, excessive alcohol consumption can negatively affect male fertility. Alcohol abuse has been linked to lower testosterone levels, which are crucial for sperm production. Consequently, a decrease in sperm production can occur, potentially leading to difficulties in conceiving.




Smoking tobacco not only poses severe health risks but also affects male fertility. Regular smoking has been associated with a reduction in sperm count. The harmful chemicals in tobacco can impair the functionality of the testicles, leading to a decreased number of sperm and potential fertility issues.


Emotional Distress:


Stress, depression, and other emotional issues can have far-reaching effects on the human body, including the male reproductive system. Elevated stress levels can disrupt the hormonal balance, negatively impacting hormone production, and subsequently affecting sperm production. Men experiencing chronic emotional distress may face challenges with infertility and erectile dysfunction.




Obesity is a widespread health concern that can have multifaceted implications. It also influences male fertility. Excessive body weight can disrupt hormonal equilibrium, leading to decreased sperm quality and quantity. Moreover, obesity has been associated with various health conditions that may indirectly affect fertility.


Treatment for male infertility


In addition to making dietary and lifestyle adjustments, several treatment options are available for addressing male infertility. These methods are aimed at tackling specific issues that may be contributing to fertility problems:


Hormone Supplements: One common approach in urology treatment in India involves hormone therapies, such as administering testosterone shots. These supplements can help regulate hormone levels and improve reproductive function.


Surgery: For cases where there are obstructions in the sperm ducts or injuries affecting fertility, surgery presents a viable treatment option. By addressing physical barriers, this procedure aims to enhance the chances of conception.


Antibiotics: Infections can negatively impact sperm count and quality. To combat these infections and improve fertility, antibiotic treatments are utilized.


Counseling: In some instances, male infertility may be linked to sexual or mood disorders. In such cases, medication or counseling can play a crucial role in resolving these psychological issues and, in turn, improve fertility prospects.


It’s important for individuals facing fertility challenges to consult with a qualified healthcare professional who can recommend the most suitable treatment based on their specific circumstances. These treatment options, combined with lifestyle changes, offer hope for couples seeking to overcome male infertility and achieve their dream of starting a family.


Diagnosis Of Male Infertility


Semen analysis is a crucial male fertility test that involves the collection of a semen sample in a clean container. During the process, the male is required to masturbate and fully ejaculate. The initial few drops of semen typically contain a high concentration of sperm. Therefore, it is essential to carefully collect the sample for examination.


Sperm Count and its Significance:


The average sperm count ranges from 15 million to 200 million sperm per milliliter of ejaculate. A sperm count below 15 million is referred to as oligospermia or low sperm count. A more severe condition, known as severe oligospermia, occurs when the sperm count is less than five million, indicating a significantly reduced sperm count.

However, the sperm count alone does not provide a complete picture of male fertility. Evaluating sperm motility, morphology, and viability are equally important factors to consider, collectively making up a comprehensive sperm analysis.


Importance of Sperm Morphology:


Sperm morphology refers to the shape of the sperm head and tail, which plays a vital role in the process of fertilization. For successful fertilization to occur, the sperm must have a standard and healthy morphology, enabling it to attach to the egg properly. High-magnification microscopes are used to examine sperm quality in detail.


Analysis of Hormonal Levels:


In some cases, there might be no sperm present in the ejaculate, a condition known as Azoospermia. To investigate such instances, hormonal analysis of the male is conducted. This analysis involves checking the levels of testosterone, FSH, LH, Thyroid hormones, and others.


Ultrasound Examination:


Another crucial examination in male fertility testing is an ultrasound of the testis. This non-invasive procedure helps determine the structure and size of the testis. An ultrasound can identify any potential issues or abnormalities within the reproductive organs.


Genetic Testing:


In certain cases, male genetic testing is recommended. Despite outward appearances, some individuals may have an extra X chromosome in their genetic makeup. For instance, males with Klinefelter syndrome possess an XXY pattern, leading to insufficient or absent sperm in their testes.


What Is Male reproductive system?


The male reproductive system comprises several important organs that play a crucial role in sexual reproduction. Let’s take a closer look at these organs and their functions.




The penis is a cylindrical organ used in sexual intercourse. It consists of spongy tissues that can fill with blood, causing the penis to become erect when a man is sexually aroused. During this process, the flow of urine is blocked to allow the release of semen during ejaculation.




Located behind and below the penis, the scrotum is a loose-skinned pouch that contains the testes or testicles. Its external position is essential for maintaining a slightly lower temperature than the body’s core, which is vital for sperm development. The scrotum has specialized muscles that contract and relax to help regulate the temperature within the testes.




Two oval-shaped organs, the testes, are found within the scrotum. They are responsible for producing testosterone, the primary male sex hormone. Inside the testes, you can find coiled masses called seminiferous tubules, which are responsible for the production of sperm through a process called spermatogenesis.


Understanding the male reproductive system is essential for comprehending the intricacies of human reproduction and the essential functions these organs perform in the process. It’s crucial to care for and maintain the health of these organs to support overall reproductive well-being.


Male Infertility Risk Factors


Smoking and Male Fertility:

Smoking is known to have numerous harmful effects on health, and male fertility is no exception. Studies suggest that smoking can lead to a reduction in sperm count, motility, and quality. Moreover, the presence of harmful chemicals in tobacco can damage sperm DNA, potentially leading to fertility issues and an increased risk of miscarriages.


Alcohol and Its Impact on Male Reproductive Health:


Excessive alcohol consumption can negatively impact male fertility by disrupting hormone levels and impairing sperm production. Chronic alcohol intake may also lead to erectile dysfunction and reduced sexual performance. Moderation is key when it comes to alcohol consumption to safeguard reproductive health.


Obesity and Male Infertility:


Obesity has emerged as a significant concern for male fertility. Excess body weight can disrupt hormonal balance, affecting testosterone levels and sperm quality. Obese men are more likely to experience difficulties in conception and may face challenges in assisted reproductive treatments.


Illicit Drugs and Reproductive Health:


The use of illicit drugs, such as cocaine, marijuana, and anabolic steroids, can seriously affect male fertility. These substances can disrupt hormone production, damage sperm, and reduce sperm count and motility. Prolonged drug use may also lead to long-term reproductive problems.


Trauma to the Testes and Its Consequences:


Physical injuries to the testes, whether from accidents, sports-related incidents, or other trauma, can have severe implications for male fertility. Such injuries may result in reduced sperm production or obstructed sperm transportation, hindering the chances of successful conception.


Overheating of the Testes and Fertility:


Sustained exposure of the testicles to high temperatures, such as sitting in hot baths for prolonged periods or wearing tight underwear, can adversely affect sperm production. It is crucial to avoid overheating the testes to maintain optimal reproductive health.


Male Infertility Symptoms


Often, infertility goes unnoticed until a couple faces challenges in conceiving a child. There are several signs and symptoms that may indicate an underlying issue:


  • Decreased sexual desire
  • Difficulty in maintaining an erection
  • Problems with ejaculation
  • Loss of ability to smell
  • Frequent respiratory infections
  • Pain, swelling, or lumps in the testicular area
  • Abnormal breast growth
  • Sparse facial and body hair, which may be linked to hormonal imbalances.
  • If any of these signs are experienced, it is advisable to seek medical attention and undergo appropriate testing to identify and address the root cause of infertility.
  • Early detection and treatment can make a significant difference in the chances of successful conception.


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Male Infertility Treatment in India


As one of the world’s most sought-after medical travel destinations in India has gained widespread popularity for offering a wide range of treatments, including infertility solutions. Among these treatments, male infertility treatment stands out as a prominent option. To address this concern effectively, individuals require the expertise of a proficient andrologist and access to a well-equipped hospital. Thankfully, India possesses both these essential components.


Indian hospitals are equipped with state-of-the-art facilities, featuring advanced laboratories, modern medicine units, and cutting-edge operation theatres. Alongside these facilities, India boasts a pool of highly skilled andrologists. These experts conduct comprehensive diagnoses and provide tailored treatments for male infertility, all at a significantly lower cost compared to many other countries worldwide.


Due to this remarkable combination of top-notch medical infrastructure and experienced professionals, countless patients choose India as their destination for male infertility treatment. The affordability factor further bolsters India’s appeal as numerous individuals from around the globe travel here each year for this purpose.


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Male Infertility Treatment Procedure


Male infertility is a concerning issue that affects many couples worldwide. However, the good news is that over 50% of cases can be effectively addressed. The success of treatment largely depends on identifying the underlying cause. In this article, we will explore the possibilities of conservative management to improve male fertility and discuss specific measures to optimize lifestyle and nutrition.


Conservative Management for Male Infertility:


Improving Lifestyle:


A healthy lifestyle plays a crucial role in addressing male infertility. Making positive changes in daily habits can significantly impact fertility outcomes. Here are some key lifestyle improvements to consider:
Regular Exercise: Engaging in moderate physical activity can enhance overall health and promote better reproductive function.


Stress Reduction: Chronic stress can negatively affect reproductive hormones. Practicing relaxation techniques, such as meditation or yoga, can help alleviate stress.


Dietary Considerations:


Nutrition plays a vital role in male fertility. Focusing on a balanced and nutrient-rich diet can help address deficiencies and support reproductive health. Specific dietary components have been found to be beneficial:

Coenzyme Q10 (Ubiquinol): Studies suggest that Coenzyme Q10, in the form of Ubiquinol, may improve sperm health. A daily oral supplement of 200mg could be beneficial.


Vitamin B12: Adequate levels of vitamin B12 are essential for healthy sperm production. Consider incorporating B12 capsules into your daily routine.




When it comes to addressing male infertility, several hormonal treatments and medications have proven effective in various cases. Below are some commonly used options:


GnRH Therapy:

GnRH (Gonadotropin-releasing hormone) therapy is employed to stimulate the release of hormones responsible for spermatogenesis (sperm production) and can be beneficial in certain infertility conditions.


HCG (Human Chorionic Gonadotropin) with HMG (Human Menopausal Gonadotropin):

HCG, either alone or in combination with HMG, is used to boost testosterone levels and promote the production of healthy sperm.


Estrogen Modulators:


Estrogen modulators are used to regulate hormone levels, aiding in the management of certain fertility issues.


Aromatase Inhibitors:


Aromatase inhibitors are prescribed to prevent the conversion of androgens to estrogen, thus potentially improving male fertility.




Tamoxifen is another medication used to address hormonal imbalances and support sperm production.


Antisperm Antibodies:


For cases where anti-sperm antibodies are present, cyclic steroid treatment combined with immunosuppressants might be recommended for a period of 3-6 months.


Retrograde Ejaculation – Imipramine:


To treat retrograde ejaculation, the medication Imipramine is commonly used to restore normal ejaculation by improving muscle function.


Semen Processing:


In cases of poor semen quality, various semen processing techniques can be employed to enhance the chances of successful fertilization.


Surgical Treatments for Male Infertility:




Varicocelectomy is a surgical procedure performed to correct varicoceles, which are enlarged veins in the scrotum that may lead to infertility.


TURP (Transurethral Resection of the Prostate):


TURP is a surgical intervention used to address prostatitis, which can negatively impact fertility.


Other Treatments:


Apart from hormonal treatments and surgical interventions, addressing sexual problems and infections that may affect male fertility is crucial.




When it comes to male fertility, exposure to high temperatures can be a major concern, particularly in saunas and hot tubs. The heat generated in these environments can have adverse effects on the testicles, potentially leading to a decrease in sperm production and even sperm death.


Choosing the Right Attire: Loose-Fitting Clothes are Key


If you’re looking to safeguard your fertility, it’s important to pay attention to what you wear. Opting for loose-fitting clothes, especially boxers, can help maintain a lower temperature around the testicles and promote healthier sperm production.


Cell Phones and Male Fertility: Is There a Connection?


Surprisingly, cell phones may also play a role in male infertility. Some studies suggest that the electromagnetic radiation emitted by these devices could cause interference and negatively impact sperm health.


Age: A Significant Factor in Male Fertility


As men age, their fertility can decline. It’s essential to be aware that male fertility also has a biological clock, and the chances of conceiving naturally might decrease with age.


Stress: Unraveling its Impact on Fertility


Stress can be a major contributor to infertility problems in men. High levels of stress can lead to hormonal imbalances, affecting sperm production and overall reproductive health.


Weight Management: A Crucial Aspect of Fertility


Maintaining a healthy weight is essential for male fertility. Being underweight or overweight can disrupt hormonal balance and impair sperm production.


Myths on Male Infertility


Myth: Infertility is Solely a Female Issue

Fact: Male infertility is just as common as female infertility. Both partners should be evaluated when trying to conceive.


Myth: Weight Has No Effect on Male Fertility

Fact: Weight does indeed affect male fertility. Being overweight or underweight can have negative impacts on sperm quality and quantity.


Myth: Heat from Hot Tubs and Laptops Doesn’t Harm Sperm

Fact: The heat generated by hot tubs and laptops can, in fact, harm sperm. Prolonged exposure to high temperatures can lead to reduced sperm count and motility.


Myth: Tight Clothing Doesn’t Affect Sperm Count

Fact: Wearing tight clothing, especially around the groin area, can increase scrotal temperature and impact sperm production, contributing to low sperm count.


Choose GoMedii For Affordable Male Infertility Treatment In India


If you want affordable Male Infertility Treatment In India, you are at the right place and time! Trust GoMedii with your treatment; we assure you of a top-notch, hassle-free process.


We have tie-ups with one of India’s most reputed hospitals to get you the best treatment at an affordable cost. Furthermore, to avail of our packages, You Can Contact us on our Website and WhatsApp (+91 9599004311) or call us at 9599004311. Additionally, you can also email us at Our team will respond to you on a priority basis.


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