Knowing about your diet if you are a kidney disease patient sounds reasonable. The body produces urea when a person eats more protein. Improper functioning of the kidney can lead to the build-up of urea in the blood, causing loss of appetite and fatigue. In that case, a low protein renal diet puts less pressure on the kidneys.
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This blog focuses on low protein renal diet usage to reverse kidney disease progression. Continue reading to know what to add or throw out when limiting protein intake.
What is a low protein renal diet?
A low protein renal diet can be beneficial for a person with kidney-related problems. Where, the low-protein diet focuses on restricting the amount of protein intake, which is 1 gram/kg for ideal body weight. Protein is important for the body but reducing the intake of protein is remedial for people with certain conditions, such as kidney disease or phenylketonuria.
During the digestion process of protein, the body produces a compound called urea. Generally, urea leaves the body via urine without causing any issues. However, if the kidneys are not functioning properly, urea builds up in the blood and causes nausea, fatigue, and loss of appetite.
People with kidney disease can follow a low protein renal diet to reduce protein intake. That will reduce the strain in the kidneys and will prevent the build-up of urea in the blood.
Low protein renal diet plan
Here’s the diet plan prepared by the dietitian under the consideration of our healthcare expert.
- Breakfast: Tea / Milk + Oats daliya /oats with milk/wheat flakes with milk/ Vegetable sandwich/ paneer sandwich /ragi chilla /Stuffed roti stuffing in green vegetable/ Oats chilla (1-2).
- Mid-Morning: Green tea/Coconut water/ (1) fruits (apple, papaya, guava, pomegranate or berries.)
- Lunch: Wheat roti, vegetables, 1 bowl pluses, low-fat curd.
- Evening: Tea /green tea/ cold coffee with biscuits /diet namkeen /bhelpuri/vegetable soup/tomato soup.
- Dinner: Wheat roti, vegetables, low-fat curd
- After dinner: Milk (1 glass)
Note – Drink water as per the doctor’s recommendation.
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Food items to be included:
The food items you will be focusing on this diet are low-protein components:
- Papaya, apple, orange, pears, fresh pineapple, etc.
- Tomatoes, asparagus, peppers, broccoli, etc.
- Refined cereals like suji, sago, and vermicelli.
- Rice, oats, bread, pasta, barley, etc.
NOTE – You can choose the below oil categories alternatively.
- Sunflower/corn oil/Rice bran.
Food to avoid and limit
You can’t avoid protein even if you are in a low protein renal diet. You just need to consume certain high-protein products in moderation. Below are the items that you must limit:
- Extra milk and milk products
- Extra pulse
- All fruits juice and coconut water
- Beans, peas, lotus stem and green leafy vegetables
- All baked products
- Meats like chicken, turkey, beef, and pork
- Alcoholic drinks and Aerated drinks.
Usually, the diet is not recommended to people without any health condition. It can result in nutritional deficiencies and other health issues. The low protein renal diet is often followed by people with kidney-related disorders, as the diet may help in reducing your symptoms.
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